Imperial Astronomers predicted than an eclipse would start at 10:30 and last 2 hours. They were wrong. The Jesuits forecast that the eclipse would start at 11:30 and last 1-2 minutes.
The " Chinese Caesar" , King Cheng, managed within 25 years to unify a half-dozen Chinese provinces into a single great empire, with a vast hierarchy of bureaucrats.
He explained that each soul was by nature a "fiery breath" tending to rise to the heavens, yet as a soul lowered into the earthly atmosphere it tended to become damp and heavy.
Numerous references to maps and their uses in China.
Maps appear again as the 'indispensable apparatus of the empire.'
18 sheet map of China
Grip map of Chinese empire created in 801
North placed at the top of maps
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