The Old Kingdom lasted from 2700 B.C.E and was known as the “Age of the Pyramid” The establish a strong central government. They had great pyramid built for themselves as tombs.
Pharaoh Khufu was known as a harsh rule. Some of his greatest accomplishment were being the architect of a famous pyramid. Khufu was known for establishing a centralized government and controlling the grain supply. He also declared himself as a god.
The Akkadians conquered the conquered the Sumer city-state around 2300 B.CE . The first leader was Sargon. The Akkadians military achievement of Sargon assembling large animals and teaching them how to fight in tight formation. This achievement was important because it helped Sargon with territory to expand his empire. The Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3D sculpture. These achievement were important because eventually their language took the place of Sumerian language and their sculpture and created states to document history.
The Middle Kingdom lasted from 2000-1800 B.C.E also known as”Period of Reunification”.The Middle age was known for that because they Egyptian followed the years of chaos and disunity. At this times the Egyptian celebrated their achievement such as literature art and architecture.
Pharaoh Sensuret ruled from 1971-1926 B.C.E. One of his greatest accomplishments were that he constructed the White Chapel. It was made by alabaster, hard white stone, Historians thinks it was cover by a thin layer of gold. Pharaoh Senusret was so rich, in fact he had temples, shrines and religious monument.
The Babylon political achievement of the code of Hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to perceive order. This stele represent the Babylonian economic achievement of the trade in grain and woven cloth for wood,gold,silver,precious, gems, and livestock. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire's economy and connected them with distant lands.
The New Kingdom lasted from 1600-1100 B.C.E and was also known as “Egypt's Golden Age” . Around this time the ancient Egypt reached its height. The pharaohs did more trades and had more built massive monument. Thutmore ||| expanded their land to the Nile River.
Pharaoh Hashepsut ruled from 1473-1458 B.C.E. Pharaoh Hashepsut was one of Egyptian female pharaohs. Hashepsut was known for encouraging trades. One of her accomplishments was her rise of power since not many pharaohs were female pharaoh. She also had a loyal government unlike other pharaoh. Pharaoh Hashepsut also wanted men to have respect, sometime she wore men clothes and wore fake breads.
Pharaoh Ramses || ruled from 1290-1224 B.C.E and he ruled during the New Kingdom. Pharaoh Ramses || was the most famous pharaoh of all pharaoh and was one of the few that ruled for a long period of time. Pharaoh Ramses had 100 wives and over 100 children. He had many monuments. in fact he has many statues of himself and was known for the military leadership and battles. He was so good at battle that at age ten he was captain of the Egyptian captain.
Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris River. The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountain to the west Nile River in Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountain. The Assyrian military achievement of perfecting the use of horse, iron weapons for battle, and siege warfare. This achievement was important because they came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer.The Assyrian cultural achievement of art and architecture. This achievement was important because they created places and sculpture to honor their kings that they treated like gods. The Assyrian Empire lasted about 300 years.The Assyrian Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched to thin.
The Babylonian regained control of the lands of Mesopotamia after the Assyrians. Their most famous kings was Nebuchadnezzar ||. The Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia. This achievement was important it kept the capital safe from invaders. the Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy. This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time. The Neo-Babylonia Empire lasted 75 years. A new conqueror named Cyrus swept in can took over the land.
Founded the Mauryan empire.
Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.
Asoka extended Mauryan rule over most India. He conquered other kingdoms. Ashoka’s empire became stronger and richer.
Candra Gupta armies invaded and conquered neighboring land and eventually he brought much of the northern part of India under his control