Assyria was located in the Mesopotamian to the northeast of the Tigris River. They conquered the land from the east Zagros mountains, to the west Nile River in Egypt, and to the north Taurus Mountains. The Assyrian Empire lasted 300 years, and fell due to to much territory. The Assyrians were known for their military and cultural achievements. One achievement was the use of Iron weapons and horses during battle. This was important because it allowed them to come up with more efficient ways to push people out of the lands they were going tho conquer. Another achievement was the use of art and architecture, and this was important because it allowed them to create palaces and sculptures to honor their kings.