The old kingdom lasted from 2700- 2200 B.C.E, and was known as the age of the pyramids. They established a strong central government. They had great pyramids built for themselves as tombs.
Pharaoh Khufu was known as a harsh ruler. Some of his greatest accomplishments were being the famous architect of a pyramid. Khufu was known for establishing a centralized government and controlling the grain supply. He also declared himself a god.
Around 2300 B.C.E the Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states. There king was Sargon. The Akkadians were known for there Cultural and Military achievements. One achievement was there amazing spear/shield battle tactic. Another achievement was their great three dimensional sculptures, and writing system.
The Middle Kingdom lasted from 2700 - 2200 B.C.E and was known as the period of reunification. This followed a period of chaos and destruction. During this time period Egypt accomplished things in the field of art, architecture, and literature.
Pharaoh Senusret I was known for being a strong leader. One of his greatest accomplishments was religious architecture. Senusret was known for the temples, shrines, and monuments he had constructed. One of the most famous buildings was the White Chapel.
The first king of the Babylonians was named Hammurabi. The Babylonians were known for their political and economic achievements. One achievement was Hammurabi's code. This was important because it kept his people unified. Another achievement was trade, and It was important because it allowed people to meet and trade ideas.
The new kingdom lasted from 1600-1100 B.C.E and was known as the golden age. It was known to be the height of Egyptian power. It was full of great accomplishments, including great temples, palaces, and increased trade and land.
Pharaoh Hatshepsut was known for the flourishing of art, the flourishing of architecture, and the increased trade. One of her greatest achievements was becoming a pharaoh in the first place. Very few women rose to power over the men. She was one of the first women pharaohs.
Pharaoh Ramses II was known as the greatest egyptian pharaoh. One of his greatest achievements was reigning for more than 60 years. He was not only a fearless leader, but a peace keeper as well. He was also known as Ramses the Great.
Assyria was located in the Mesopotamian to the northeast of the Tigris River. They conquered the land from the east Zagros mountains, to the west Nile River in Egypt, and to the north Taurus Mountains. The Assyrian Empire lasted 300 years, and fell due to to much territory. The Assyrians were known for their military and cultural achievements. One achievement was the use of Iron weapons and horses during battle. This was important because it allowed them to come up with more efficient ways to push people out of the lands they were going tho conquer. Another achievement was the use of art and architecture, and this was important because it allowed them to create palaces and sculptures to honor their kings.
Neo-Babylonians are descendants of the original Babylonians. Their most famous king was Nebuchadnezzar. They were known for their military and cultural achievements. One achievement was the building of walls around Babylonia. This was important, because it protected them from invaders. Another achievement was the invention of mathematics and astronomy. This was important because it allowed them to create the sundial, which allowed them to tell time.
Founded the Mauryan empire.
Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.
Improved India's culture and spread Buddhism throughout India.
Reunited the Indian people once more
Spread Buddhism and Hinduism throughout India.