Ancient Civilzation - Giovanna McAlpine


Old Kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

2700 - 2200 BCE - This period was known as the “Age of the Pyramids”. They established a strong central government and built tombs for their rulers.

Harappan (Indus Valley Civ)

2600 BCE - 1900 BCE

Harappan Civilization lasted from 2600-1900 BC.

Pharaoh Khufu

2551 BCE - 2528 BCE

Pharaoh Khufu ruled from 2,551 - 2,528 BCE and he was known as the architect of a famous pyramid. This pyramid was located in Giza. Some historians consider him to be a harsh ruler. He controlled all of the grain supply and created a centralized government.

Akkaidian Empire

2300 B.C.E - 2100 B.C.E

The Akkaidian conquered the Sumerians city-states around 2300 B.C.E. Their first leader was Saragon. Akkaidian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations. This achievement was important because it helped Sargon win territory to extend his empire.Akkadian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations. This achievement was important because it helped Sargon win territory to extend his empire.Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3D sculpture. This achievement was important because eventually their language took the place of Sumerians language and their their sculptures created steeles to document history.

Middle Kingdom

2000 BCE - 1800 BCE

2000 - 1800 BCE- The middle kingdom is sometimes called “The Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity.

Pharaoh Senusret I

1971 BCE - 1926 BCE

Pharaoh Senusret l ruled in the middle kingdom.

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E - 1595 B.C.E

The next king to unite Mesopotamia after the fall of the Akkadian Empire was Hammurabi. His capital city was Babylon. Babylonian political achievement of code of Hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to perserve order. Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood, gold, silver, precious gems, and livestock.This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands.

New Kingdom

1600 BCE - 1100 BCE

1600 - 1100 BCE- The New Kingdom is often called “Egypt’s Golden Age”. At this time peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut

1473 BCE - 1458 BCE

Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s greatest accomplishments was that she was one of the first female pharaoh.

Pharaoh Ramses II

1290 BCE - 1224 BCE

Pharaoh Ramses II greatest accomplishments was that people called him Ramses the Great because he is one of the greatest Pharaoh. He reigned for more than 60 years, longer than almost any other Pharaoh.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E - 612 B.C.E

The Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the northeast of the Tigris River. The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountians to the west Nile River in Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountians. AssIyrian military achievement of perfecting the use of horses, iron weapons for battle, and siege warfare. This achievement was important because they came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer.the assyrian culture achievements of art and architecture.This achievements they created palaces and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods.

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 B.C.E - 539 B.C.E

The Assyrian Empire lasted 300 days. The Assyrian Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched to thin. Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia.This achievement was important because it kept the capital safe from invaders.
A conqueror named Cyrus swept in and took over the land.


563 bc - 483 bc

Who was the Buddha, and what does the term Buddha mean? The Buddha is Siddhartha. People gave him the nickname Buddha because he meditates
Siddhartha meditated to free his mind. They believed that because they believe that people can overcome ignorance and desire by following the Eightfold Path. Buddhism spread through India and Southwest Asia. Missionaries was supposed to spread their religious beliefs about Buddha.

Candragupta Maurya

320 B.C.E - 185 B.C.E

In the 320’s BC a military leader named Candragupta Maurya rose to the power in northern India.
Candragupta created the Mauryan Empire.


269 BCE - 232 BCE

Was one of the strongest of all the Mauryan Emperors.

Gupta Empire

320 AD - 550 AD

They took over India around 320 AD.

Candra Gupta II

Approx. 375

Candra Gupta II took the throne in India.