Ancient Civilization- RIley Mattingly

Events

Old Kingdom

2700 B.C.E - 2200 B.C.E

This period was known as the age of the pyramid’s. They established a strong central government And they built tombs for their rulers

Pharaoh Khufu

2551 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E

Not much was known about Pharaoh Khufu, but he was a harsh ruler and he was known for building pyramids. He created a centralized government and controlled the food supply. Khufu declared himself a god.

Akkadian Empire

2300 B.C.E. - 2100 B.C.E.

The Akkadians conquered the sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E.
Their first leader was Sargon.Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations
it helped sargon win territory to expand his empire.
the Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3D sculpture because eventually their language took the place of Sumerian language and their sculptures created steles to document history

Middle Kingdom

2000 B.C.E - 1800 B.C.E

Is sometimes called the Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity. During this era, Egyptians enjoyed many great achievements in literature art and architecture.

Pharaoh Senusret

1971 B.C.E - 1926 B.C.E

This ruler’s greatest accomplishments were in religious architecture. He had many temples, shrines, and religious monuments constructed and improved. The finest architectural achievement was the White Chapel. It was made of alabaster, a hard white stone.

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E. - 1595 B.C.E.

The next king to unite Mesopotamia after the fall of the Akkadian Empire was Hammurabi his capital city was Babylon
theBabylonian political achievement of the code of Hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order.
Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood, gold, silver, precious gems, and livestock. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire's economy and connected them with distant lands.

New kingdom

1600 B.C.E - 1100 B.C.E
  • Is often called Egypt's golden age. During this time period and stability ancient Egypt's power reached it heights. Pharaohs increased trade and had massive monuments built Rulers like Thutmose III expanded the empire far up the Nile River into modern day Sudan and into the Levant which is the coastal region at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.

Pharaoh Hatsheput

1473 B.C.E - 1458 B.C.E

One of her greatest accomplishments was her rise to power since few women had ever become Egyptian pharaohs. Initially she shared power with her male relatives. However she soon achieved sole leadership. Hatshepsut strengthened her position in several ways she filled her government with loyal advisors.

Pharaoh Ramses II

1290 B.C.E - 1224 B.C.E

Ramses the Great, he is one of the most famous pharaohs. He reigned for more than 60years, longer than almost any other pharaoh. He is best known for his military leadership and for building numerous monuments. Ramses used his power to excess. He had over 100 wives and more than 100 children. Never shy about his importance, he had hundreds of statues of himself erected throughout Egypt, some which stood over 60 feet high. From a young age, ramses was a fearless soldier, fighting alongside his father in various battles. At the age of ten, Ramses became a captain in the Egyptian army. Ramses tried to defend an Egyptian empire that extended north into canaan. His most famous military campaigns were against the Hittite Empire in Anatolia.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E. - 612 B.C.E.

Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris River, The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountains to the the west Nile River in Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountains
he Assyrians military achievement were their weapon and their war strategies it helped them win battles.
t the Assyrian culture achievements of They build beautiful police.in social and political order.
lasted 340 years Collasape pins fall on the string of military losses sustained against outside forces.

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 B.C.E. - 539 B.C.E.

Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia. This achievement was important because it kept the capital safe from invaders.
The Babylonians regained control of the lands of Mesopotamia after the Assyrians.Nebuchadnezzar II.
the Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time.

Candragupta Maurya

320 B.C.E - 185 B.C.E

Founded the Mauryan empire.
Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.

Asoka

268 B.C.E. - 232 B.C.E.

Ashoka, also known as ‘Ashoka the Great’, was the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire and one of the greatest emperors of India who ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent. He is largely credited for spreading Buddhism in many parts of the world.

Candra Gupta I

320 C.E. - 330 C.E.

His grandson was emperor Ashoka, famous for his historic pillars and for his role in helping spread Buddhism outside of ancient India. Chandragupta's life and accomplishments are described in ancient Hindu, Buddhist and Greek texts, but they vary significantly in details from the Jaina accounts.

Candra Gupta II

380 C.E - 415 C.E.

The empire continued to grow eventually stretching all the way across northern India. At the same time, the empire’s economy strengthened, and so people's prospered. They created fine works of art and literature.