Ancient Civilizations-Patrick Osha


Old kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

2700 to 2200 B.C.E this period was known as the “ Age of the pyramids”. They established strong central government and they built tombs for the rulers

Pharaoh Khufu

2551 BCE - 2528 BCE

Not much was known about pharaoh khufu but he was a harsh ruler and was known for building pyramids. He created a centralized government and controlled food supply. Khufu declared himself as a god.

AkkadIan Empire

2300 B.C.E. - 2100 B.C.E.

The year the akkadians conquered the sumerian city-states was around 2300 B Their first leader was Sargon.The stele represents the akkadian cultural achievement of their language, and the art. This is important because eventually heir language took place of their sumerian language and their sculptures created steles to document history
The stele represents the akkadian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formationdsThis achievement was important because it helped Sargon win many battles

Middle kingdom

2200 BCE - 1800 BCE

2200 to 1800 BCE this period was known as the “period of reunification”. They would follow time of chaos and disunity, and they enjoyed the achievement in art

Pharaoh sennuset

1971 BCE - 1926 BCE

Senusret was a strong leader who ruled a stable. Sensruut greatest achievements were in religion. He had many temples,shrines, and religious monuments constructed and improved.

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E. - 1595 B.C.E.

The next king to unite mesopotamia after the fall of the akkadian empire was Hammurabi and his capital city was babylon
The stele represents the Babylonian political achievement of the code of hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order
The stele represent the babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for, wood,gold,silver,precious game, and livestock. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands

New kingdom

1600 BCE - 1100 BCE

1600 to 1100 BCE this period was the “golden age”. The new kingdom had height of Egyptian power.

Pharaoh Hatsheput

1473 BCE - 1458 BCE

One of her greatest achievements were to rise to power since not many women were Egyptian pharaoh. Initially she shared power with her mal relatives. Soon she then achieved sole leadership. She strengthened her power in several ways.

Pharaoh Ramses

1290 BCE - 1224 BCE

One of his greatest projects was the temple complex of Aud Simbel. The main temple was carved into the side of a cliff that was on a bank of the nile river. Ramses demanded for more temples and monuments to be built than any other Pharaoh in history.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E. - 612 B.C.E.

The stele represents the Assyrian military achievements of their might,cruelty,weapons, and war strategies
This is important because they Came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer.The stele represents the achievement of art and architecture
This achievement was important because they created palaces and sculptures to honor their king that they treated like gods.
The assyrian empire lasted 300 years
It fell because the army was stretched too thin and they had too much territory to control.

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 B.C.E. - 539 B.C.E.

The stele represents the Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonian. This achievement was important because it kept the capital state from invaders
The babylonian regained control of the lands of mesopotamia after the Assyrians
Their most famous king was Nebuchadrezzar 2
The stele represents the Neo-Babylonian culture achievement of Math and Science. This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time

Mauryan empire

320 BCE - 184 BCE

Ruler was Chandragupta Maurya he ruled hi first empire with the help of a complex government
Mauryan rule lasted for 150 years
In 194 bc the last Mauryan ruler was killed by one of his generals. Chandragupta created the empire called the Mauryan empire

Gupta empire

320 AD - 500 AD

The first Gupta emperor was Chandra Gupta 1. upta’s armies invaded and conquered neighboring lands. Gupta kings built hindu temples, some of which became models for later Indiand architecture. Candragupta 1 ruled in 320 ad to 375 ad. He Established a university at Nalanda. Candragupta 2 ruled in 375 to 400 AD. He Created fine works of art and literature