Ancient Civilizations- Michael BAughn

Events

Old Kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

This period was know as the “Age of the Pyramids”. They established a strong central government and they built tombs for their ruler

Pharaoh Khufu

2551 BCE - 2528 BCE

Not much was known about Pharaoh Khufu, ut he was a harsh ruler and was known for building pyramids. He created a centralized government and controlled the food supply. Khufu declared himself as a god.

Akkadian Empire

2300 B.C.E - 2100 B.C.E

The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E. Their first leader was sargon. The Akkadian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations This achievement was important because it helped Sargon winn territory to expand his empire. The Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3D sculpture. This achievement was important because eventually their language took the place of Sumerian language and their sculptures created steles to document history. The Akkadian Empire lasted 200 years and fell because the territory became too large to control

Middle Kindom

2000 BCE - 1800 BCE

This period was know as the “Period of Reunification”. They followed time of chaos and disunity.

Pharaoh Senusret I

1971 BCE - 1925 BCE

Pharaoh Senusret was known for his religious architecture. Some of the greatest works were written in Senusret’s time period. He was the ruler of mines with gold ,copper ,gems, and purple amethyst. He also had the White Chapel built.

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E - 1595 B.C.E

The next king to unite Mesopotamia after the fall of the Akkadian Empire was Hammurabi and his capital city was Babylon. The Babylonian political achievement of the code of Hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order. The Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood, gold, silver, precious gems, and livestock. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands.

New Kingdom

1600 BCE - 1100 BCE

This period was known as the “Golden Age”. They rose to the height of Egyptian power.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut

1473 BCE - 1458 BCE

One of her greatest achievements were to rise to power since not many women were Egyptian pharaoh. Initially she shared power with her male relatives. Soon she then achieved sole leadership. She made artist paint her as a man.

Pharaoh Ramses II

1290 BCE - 1224 BCE

Pharaoh Ramses II was one of the greatest pharaohs. He ruled for 60 years. He signed the world's first peace treaty. He ordered the most monuments built than any other pharaoh in history.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E - 612 B.C.E

Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris River. The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountains to the west Nile River in Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountains. The Assyrian military achievement of perfecting the use of horses, iron weapons for battle, and siege warfare. This achievement was important because they came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer. The Assyrian cultural achievement of art and architecture. This achievement was important because they created palaces and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods. The Assyrian Empire lasted about 300 years . The Assyrian Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched too thin.

Neo-BAbylonian Empire

605 B.C.E - 538 B.C.E

The Babylonians regained control of the lands of Mesopotamia after the Assyrians. Their most famous king was Nebuchadrezzar II. This stele represents the Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia. This achievement was important because it kept the capital safe. This stele represents the Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy. This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time. The Neo-Babylonian Empire lasted 75 years. The Neo-Babylonian Empire fell because of the Persian Army.

Candragupta Maurya

320 BCE - 185 BCE

Candragupta Maurya started the empire. He had an army of over 600,00 soldiers and he also had war horses. He gave up his throne to become a munk. His dynasty lasted from 320 BCE - 184 BC

Asoka

268 BCE - 232 BCE

Asoka extended Mauryan rule over most of India. He was one of the most powerful emperors ever. After becoming Buddhist he mad the main religion Buddhism. His dynasty lasted from 320 BCE - 184 BC

Candra Gupta I

320 AD - 335 AD

Candra Gupta I set the main religion back to Hinduism. He conquered neighboring lands with his powerful army. He eventually brought northern India under his control.

Candra Gupta II

325 AD - 400 AD

The Gupta dynasty reached its high point in his rule. In his rule the empire started to grow. They eventually grew all across northern India. Also, in his rule people started to make fine arts and literature. He also brought in the Caste system.