History of Forensic Science

Events

When Forensic Science Began

200 ce

The first record of Forensic science was used in China

First Type of Hearing

1600 ce

The guilty would confess under
torture, while God would give the
innocent  the will to 
resist.

Carl W. Scheele (Swedish Chemist)

1775

Created a test that would detect Arsenic (the inheritance powder) in corpses.

Advances in Technology

1800 ce

Medical advancements which allowed MEs to determine cause of 
deaths and microscopes for the discovery of more physical 
evidence.

Another One

1806

German scientist Valentin Ross discovered a better yet more precise 
method for detecting Arsenic in small amounts.

Father of Forensic Toxicology

1814

Mathieu Orilla published an article on the effects and detection of poisons.

Another Advancement

1828

The polarizing microscope was invented.

Big Year

1839

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial happened ans sperm was first detected on a microscopic level.

Say Cheese!

1850 - 1860

Photographs gave more accuracy to forensics scientist.

Give me Blood!

1863

1st presumptive test for blood.

A New Wave

1879

Alphonse Bertillon (French) introduced the Bertillon's 
system, aka Anthropometry

No Kidding Sherlock

1887 - 1893

The forensic series Sherlock Holmes creates way for the CSI Effect.

Reading Is Fundemental

1893

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross was 
published and was the 1st book of criminal investigation using 
forensic science.

More Blood

1901

ABO blood typing was discovered by Karl Landsteiner

There's Principles To This

1913

Edmond Locard comes up with "Locard's Exchange Principle" which states that  "When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene." who then was responsible for the the first known police crime lab.

The First of Them All

1923

The first in USA, Los Angeles PD Crime Lab, is established.