Questioned the effectiveness of memorization and recitation, and instead emphasized the importance of basing teaching on children’s interests and needs (Page 111)
Emphasized the importance of firsthand experiences in helping children learn about the world (Page 111)
School to prepare boys for ministry and law.
Law that towns of 50 families or more would hire a teacher to teach reading and writing. Reading and writing is being seen as a foundation that leads to the greater good and a better country. The law was designed on the concept that citizens who can read can help to understand the bible and the devils "Trickery"
Supported by William Berkley, governor of Virginia to ban the attendance by
Vewed children as innately good and argued that teachers should provide children with opportunities for exploration and experimentation (Page 111)
Criticized authoritarian educational practices that stifled students’ playfulness and natural curiosity and recommended that teachers use concrete experiences to help children learn (Page 111)
Took away religion and replaced with math, science, and navigation. these were skill that were believed to be needed.
Southern, Middle, and New England Colonies begin to develop.
Southern - Maryland, Virginia, Carolinas, and Georgia
- No public school, only wealthy attended school if at all.
Middle - New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania
New England - Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
- education was important and the people were encourage to read and right because it was more resourceful.
The Colonies become the U.S.A. and the Constitution and the Bill of Rights is created.
Passed by Congress, and designed to raise money by selling land and territories, which helped to provide funding for schools.
Known as the "Age of the Common Man"
Andrew Jackson is elected and appeals because he is down to Earth and a hero if the War of 1812.
Westward expansion provided opportunities for the poor and landless.
Jobs were created for the industry growth in New York and Boston which contributed to crime and pollution.
Cities were still functionally illiterate.
For males not attending college.
Lawyer and secretary of the MA board of Education advocated for education. Believed education was the key to improving quality of life.
Massachusetts becomes the leader of education in the influence of Horace Mann.
Teachers Salaries increase by %50
%50 of American children are enrolled in school.
28/35 states have state boards of education.
New Jersey is the last state to do this.
Established by Booker T. Washington.
Built by U.S. Government Schools
Created standards for high school.
Appointed by the NEA to review and and recommend changes to the curriculum.
For grades 7,8,&9 in Columbus, Ohio.
Created principals of education such as health and civic education.
Broadened high school curriculum to include reading, and math, along with vocational training, personal health, etc.
Provided by the national reports and federal legislation.
prohibited discrimination against students on the basis of race, color, or national origin in all institutions receiving federal funds. (Page 135)
federal compensatory education program designed to help 3- to 5-year-old disadvantaged children enter school ready to learn. (Page 134)
Established the Office of Indian Education
ederal court ruled that the San Francisco school system had violated the rights of Chinese American students and students who found their educational experience “wholly incomprehensible” should be taught in their first language if that language was not English. (Page 130)
Hispanic Students double in schools.
Protects the language and culture of the Native Americans.
Law passed to require that all states develop a comprehensive accountability plan to ensure all students have basic skills, primarily reading and math.