History of Education


John Amos Comenius

1592 - 1670

Questioned the effectiveness of memorization and recitation, and instead emphasized the importance of basing teaching on children’s interests and needs (Page 111)

The Colonial Period

Approx. 1607 - Approx. 1775

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Emphasized the importance of firsthand experiences in helping children learn about the world (Page 111)

Boston Latin Grammar School


School to prepare boys for ministry and law.

Old Deluder Satan Law


Law that towns of 50 families or more would hire a teacher to teach reading and writing. Reading and writing is being seen as a foundation that leads to the greater good and a better country. The law was designed on the concept that citizens who can read can help to understand the bible and the devils "Trickery"

Exclusion of Minorities from Schools


Supported by William Berkley, governor of Virginia to ban the attendance by
-poor whites
-Native Americans
-African Americans

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Vewed children as innately good and argued that teachers should provide children with opportunities for exploration and experimentation (Page 111)

Johann Pestalozzi

1746 - 1827

Criticized authoritarian educational practices that stifled students’ playfulness and natural curiosity and recommended that teachers use concrete experiences to help children learn (Page 111)

Franklins Academy


Took away religion and replaced with math, science, and navigation. these were skill that were believed to be needed.

Differences in the Colonies


Southern, Middle, and New England Colonies begin to develop.

Southern - Maryland, Virginia, Carolinas, and Georgia
- No public school, only wealthy attended school if at all.
Middle - New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania
-Religious Schools
New England - Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
- education was important and the people were encourage to read and right because it was more resourceful.

Federal Government signs treaties with Native Americans

1771 - 1870

The Early National Period

1775 - 1820

The Colonies become the U.S.A. and the Constitution and the Bill of Rights is created.

Land of Ordinance


Passed by Congress, and designed to raise money by selling land and territories, which helped to provide funding for schools.

U.S Constitution is written


The U.S. Constitution is Signed


The Common School Movement

1820 - 1865

Known as the "Age of the Common Man"
Andrew Jackson is elected and appeals because he is down to Earth and a hero if the War of 1812.
Westward expansion provided opportunities for the poor and landless.
Jobs were created for the industry growth in New York and Boston which contributed to crime and pollution.
Cities were still functionally illiterate.

English Classical School


For males not attending college.

Contributions of Horace Man

1837 - 1848

Lawyer and secretary of the MA board of Education advocated for education. Believed education was the key to improving quality of life.

Compulsory Attendance Law


Massachusetts becomes the leader of education in the influence of Horace Mann.
Teachers Salaries increase by %50

Enrollment Increases


%50 of American children are enrolled in school.
28/35 states have state boards of education.

Elimination of Required Tuition for Schools


New Jersey is the last state to do this.

Tuskegee Institute


Established by Booker T. Washington.

Boarding Schools


Built by U.S. Government Schools

Committee of Ten


Created standards for high school.
Appointed by the NEA to review and and recommend changes to the curriculum.

800 School systems have Junior Highs


First Junior High


For grades 7,8,&9 in Columbus, Ohio.

Commission of the Reorganization of Secondary Education


Created principals of education such as health and civic education.

The Cardinal Principals of Secondary Education


Broadened high school curriculum to include reading, and math, along with vocational training, personal health, etc.

Native american have greater control of Education

1928 - 1934

Provided by the national reports and federal legislation.

Brown Vs. Board of Education of Topeka


Civil rights Act of 1964


prohibited discrimination against students on the basis of race, color, or national origin in all institutions receiving federal funds. (Page 135)

Head Start

1965 - Present

federal compensatory education program designed to help 3- to 5-year-old disadvantaged children enter school ready to learn. (Page 134)

Indian Education Act


Established the Office of Indian Education

Lau Vs. Nichols


ederal court ruled that the San Francisco school system had violated the rights of Chinese American students and students who found their educational experience “wholly incomprehensible” should be taught in their first language if that language was not English. (Page 130)

Hispanic Population in Education

1987 - 2007

Hispanic Students double in schools.

Native American Languages Act


Protects the language and culture of the Native Americans.

No Child Left Behind Act


Law passed to require that all states develop a comprehensive accountability plan to ensure all students have basic skills, primarily reading and math.