Earliest record of apllication
A guilty person would confess under torture, while God would give an innocent person the strength to resist the pain. All suspects of a crime would be tortured and it was believed, if you were truly innocent, God would give resistibility of pain to oneself.
devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses (the inheritance powder)
Medical advancements allowed MEs to determine cause of deaths
discovered more precise
method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic
'Father of Forensic Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and
Camera advancements allowed more accurate recording of crimes throughout 1850-1860
He introduced the Bertillon's system (aka Anthropometry) which was a system for identifying people by their physical appearance and was later considered a more accurate method of personal indentification for about 2 decades
London was terrorized by a serial killer that went by "Jack The Ripper"
Hans Gross (Austrian) published the first book of criminal investigation using
Walter McCrone aka 'Father of Modern Microscopy'
discovery of ABO blood typing by Karl Landsteiner
"Questioned Documents" was published by Albert Osborn
When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the 1st known police crime lab.
University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk