A guilty person would confess under torture, while god would give an innocent person the strength to resist the pain
This Swedish chemist devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses.
introduced the Bertillon's system, a system for identifying people for their physical appearance, was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for nearly 2 decades.
Replaced by finger printing in 1903
published the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.
Case of misidentiication of two men whose Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical, it led to the end of anthropometry
when 2 objects come into contact with each other, across transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk