History of Forensic Science

Events

earliest record of application of forensic science

201 - 300

Before Forensic science

1700

A guilty person would confess under torture, while god would give an innocent person the strength to resist the pain

Carl Wilhelm Scheele

1775

This Swedish chemist devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses.

Valentin ross (German) dicovered more precises ways to discover arsenic

1806

Mathieu Orfilla(father of forensic toxicology) published an article on the detection of poisons and their effects on the body

1814

Polarizing Microscope Invented

1828

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

First microscopic detection of sperm

1839

photographs (allowed more accurate recording)

1850 - 1860

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillion (french) introduced Antropometry

1879 - 1903

introduced the Bertillon's system, a system for identifying people for their physical appearance, was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for nearly 2 decades.
Replaced by finger printing in 1903

Sherlock Holmes: the most influential character created by author Lonan Doyle.

1887 - 1893

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

"criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross (austrian)

1893

published the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.

ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner

1901

Will West Case

1903

Case of misidentiication of two men whose Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical, it led to the end of anthropometry

questioned documents (hand written analysis) published by albert Osborn

1910

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmend Locard (french)

1913

when 2 objects come into contact with each other, across transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab (first in the USA)

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics

1930

Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory opens under director J. Edgar Hoover

1932

FBI forensic science research and training center opens

1981