introduced the Bertillon's system, a system for identifying people for their physical appearance, was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for nearly 2 decades.
Replaced by finger printing in 1903
Sherlock Holmes: the most influential character created by author Lonan Doyle.
1887 - 1893
London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"
"criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross (austrian)
published the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.
ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner
Will West Case
Case of misidentiication of two men whose Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical, it led to the end of anthropometry
questioned documents (hand written analysis) published by albert Osborn
Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmend Locard (french)
when 2 objects come into contact with each other, across transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab
Los Angeles PD Crime Lab (first in the USA)
University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk
FBI National Laboratory opens under director J. Edgar Hoover
FBI forensic science research and training center opens