History of Forensic Sciences

Events

First rise of recorded foresenic sciences

201 AD - 300 AD

The first time forensics sciences was ever documented, this happened in China.

Guilty until Proven Guilty

Approx. 1601 - 1700

Before this time period, it was not " innocent until proven guilty", people were tortured vigorously in order to confess there actions. The mindset was, a innocent person would be spared by god for them to resist the pain while being tutored.

The invention of " inheritance powder"

1775

A swedish chemist, Carl W. Scheele,who devised the first test for detecting Arsenic in corpses.

Chemical tests of Arsenic discovered

1806

Valentin Ross, german scientist, discovered a precise method of detetcin small amounts of arsenic.

Mathieu Orilla "Father of Forensic Toxicology"

1814

Mathieu Orilla published an article on detection of poisons and its effects

Polarzing Miccrscope was invented

1828

The microscope allowed for the discovery of more physical evidence that can be gathered.

Microscope detection of Sperm

1839

The microscope allowed for the discovery of more physical evidence that can be gathered.

Toxicology evidence used in criminal Trial

1839

This was the first time toxicology evidence used in trial.

Introduction of Photography

1850 - 1860

Photographs were used, and developed which allowed for more accurate recodings

1st Presumptive test

1863

This was the first presumptive test for blood.

Introduction of Bertillons system

1879 - 1903

The Bertillon system, also known as Anthropometry, identified people by physical appearance,was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification, until it was replaced by finger printing.

The Rise of Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

This was the most talked about and influential fictional character, which had a great effect on many CSI shows today. Sherlock Homes was created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

" Jack the Ripper"

1888

" Jack the Ripper" was a serial killer in London, England, who killed many people, terrorizing the city.

" Criminal Investigation" published

1893

Written by Hans Gross, an Australian, it was the first book of criminal justice using forensic scienc es to be published.

Walter McCrone

1900 - 1909

Walter McCrone was named " Father of Modern Microscopy"

ABO Blood typing

1901

ABO blood typing was discovered by Karl Landsteiner.

Introduction of Fingerprinting

1903

Will West Case

1903

This case led to to the end of Anthropometry because two men whose bertillon's measurements were nearly identical, resulting in the test becoming inaccurate in properly distinguishing against two people.

" Questions Documents" published

1910

It was published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Locard's Exchange Principle is when 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross-transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or crime scene.Locard also started the first known crime lab police.The principle was discovered by Edmond Locard.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

This was the first crime lab in the United States

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department

1930

which is was led by Dr.Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory

1932

The laboratory open sunder director, J.Edgar Hoover

FBI Forensic Science research & Training Center opens

1981