History of Forensic Science

Events

Evidence Old Fashion

1500 - 1775

A guilty person will be tortured and possibly killed until they would confess. If lucky then the power of god will guard the innocent.

A New Way

1775 - 1828

Swedish chemist Carl. W Scheele discovered a test for detecting arsenic in corpes.

A Better Way

1806 - 1814

Valentin Ross discovered a better way to detect small amounts of arsenic

An Article

1814 - 1828

Mathieu Orilla published a book about detection of poisons and effects

First Microscope

1828 - 1839

First Polarized microscope invented.

Detecting something and first use of evidence

1839 - 1863

sperm detection and there was a use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial.

Photos

1850 - 1860

Photographs made recordings much easier

Blood

1863 - 1879

Firs Speculation test on blood

Another New System

1879 - 1888

Alphonse Bertillon introduced the Bertillon's system. It identified ones physical appearance. People trusted it for 2 decades. it was sadly later replaced fingerprinting

Serial killer

1888 - 1893

"Jack the ripper", a serial killer, was never caught for killing prostitutes in the city of london.

A book

1893 - 1901

Hans Gross published the first book of "Criminal Investigation using forensic science.

ABO

1901 - 1910

Karl Landsteiner discovered ABO Blood Typing

A Document

1910 - 1913

"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913 - 1923

Edmond Locard stated that , When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene.

First lab (Finally)

1923 - 1930

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab was the first crime lab

First School (Cool)

1930 - 1932

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics 
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

National Laboratory

1932 - 1981

J. Edgar Hoover opened the FBI National Laboratory.