earliest recording of forensic science
guilty person would confess under torture, God would give innocent person strength to resist pain
Swedish Chemist who devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses (inheritance powder)
Medical advancements (allowed MEs to determine cause of
discovered more precise
method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic
published article on detection of poisons and
allowed for the discovery of more physical
1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial
detection of sperm
allowed more accurate recording
1st presumptive test for blood
introduced the Bertillon's
system aka Anthropometry | a system for identifying people by their physical appearance, was considered to be the most accurate method of personal
identification for nearly 2 decades
The most influential fictional character created
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his influence
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows
London terrorized by a serial killer
"Criminal Investigation" published; the 1st book of criminal investigation using
'Father of Modern Microscopy'
ABO blood typing discovered
Case of misidentiication of two men whose
Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical.
It led to the end of Anthropometry.
"Questioned Documents" published
Locard's Exchange Principle: When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal
suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started
the first known police crime lab.
the first in USA
led by Dr. Paul Kirk
opens under Director J. Edgar