World Civilization

Events

Middle East

Neanderthal

200,000 BCE - 40,000 BCE

Neanderthals are one of the oldest human ancestors. They were hunter-gatherers.

Cro-Magnons

40,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

These were the second oldest human ancestors. They were also during the paleolithic period.

Agricultural Revolution

10,000 BCE

This is the switch from the paleolithic period (hunting and gathering) to the neolithic period (farming).

Pastoralists

8000 BCE

These people raised livestock which is called animal husbandry. They are in the Neolithic era.

Catal Hoyuk

7500 BCE - 5700 BCE

This is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is placed in present day Turkey.

Epic of Gilgamesh

2700 BCE

This is one of the first pieces of literature in the world. It is about a king that is being tested by god.

sargon

2370 BCE - 2315 BCE

He was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire and credited for the first known empire.

Bronze Age

2300 BCE

During the Bronze Era, bronze was a staple in order to make weapons and utilities. This is due to the fact that it is the strongest known material at that time.

Abraham

2001 BCE - 1915 BCE

In Judaism, Abraham is the founding father of the Covenant.

Hammurabi

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

He was the king of the Babylonian empire that is most credited with the Hammurabi's code.

Iron Age

1200 BCE

During the Iron Age, the weapons and utilities were switched from being made out of bronze to being made out of iron. This is due to the strength of iron.

Cyrus

600 BC - 530 BC

He is most known for the founding of the Achaemenid Empire.

Achaemenid Empire

550 BCE - 330 BCE

This empire was founded by Cyrus. However, after Darius's death, his son, Xerxes took over. He was a weak king that led to the decline of this empire

Darius

550 bc - 486 bc

He was one of the greatest kings of Persia. He is most well known for reconstructing the Achaemenid Empire.

Africa

Menes

3200 BCE - 3100 BCE

Menes was the Pharaoh of the early dynastic period of Egypt. He is credited for the formation of the first empire in Egypt.

Old Kingdom

2575 BCE - 2134 BCE

In the Old Kingdom arts and sciences flourished. During this time, many scientific contributions were made. Many pyramids were built during this time for tombs for the pharaohs.

Middle Kingdom

2040 BC - 1780 BC

Mentuhotep made Thebes the capital and united Egypt into a central government.

New kingdom

1600 BCE - 1100 BCE

During this time pharaohs expanded southward into Nubia and north into Mesopotamia. Akhenaton tried to change the religion to the worship of the sun god.

South/Southeast Asia (China/India)

Harappa Mohenjo-Daro

2500 BCE - 1900 BCE

These civilizations were one of the first in the indus river valley. They had great architecture like a sewage system.

Shia (Xia)

2070 BCE - 1600 BCE

This dynasty is not actually proven to be real. The ruler that started this dynasty is Qi.

Shang

1600 BCE - 1046 BCE

Tang over threw the king and took power. This is where oracle bones and ancestral veneration took place.

Caste System

1500 BCE

This is the social hierarchy in India. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras, and the Dalits are the order.

Vedas

1500 BCE

This was the sacred texts from Hinduism. It is much like the bible or the torah.

Oracle Bones

1200 bc - 1050 bc

This was used during the Shang Dynasty. This is where people would inscribe questions for god.

Zhou

1046 BCE - 256 BCE

This was where China's golden age took place. One major concept from this era is the Mandate of Heaven.

Upanishads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

This is a part of the vedas that contains a collection of ancient Sanskrit texts.

Laozi

604 BCE - 531 BCE

Laozi is most recognized as the founder of the religion Daoism.

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

He is other wise known as Buddha.

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Confucius brought up the idea of Confucianisms. This was spread by his disciple, Mencius.

Buddhism

520 BCE

This religion is very similar to Hinduism. Siddhartha Gupta brought along the religion.

Daoism

500 BCE

Followers of this religion seek happiness and wisdom by the way of the path. They also believe in the balance of forces (Yin Yang)

Era of Warring States

475 BCE - 221 BCE

This is the war between many chinese states. The biggest state however was the Qin, which eventually annexed most of the territory.

Confuciansim

400 BCE

This is the focus of behavior in everyday life. This appealed to many people. Also, the golden rule is established here.

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE

This religion was less concerned about the question and meaning of life. They were concerned with the law and doing the right thing.

Mencius

372 BCE - 289 BCE

This was Confucius's main disciple. He spread Confucianism the most.

Mauryan Dynasty

321 BCE - 185 BCE

The government was divided into many provinces. The greatest ruler of this time is Ashoka Maurya.

Ashoka Maurya

304 BCE - 232 BCE

He was one of the greatest rulers in the Maurya Dynasty. He expanded the lands and was a great warrior. He also spread Buddhism.

Qin Shihuangdi

259 BCE - 210 BCE

He was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

This is one of the shortest dynasties. However a very centralized state was created and weights were standardized.

Han Dyansty

206 BCE - 220 CE

This dynasty is most known for its civil service exam. Authority is then selected from merit.

Ban Zhou

45 CE - 116 CE

She is the first known female chinese historian. She is most known for work, lessons for women.

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE - 204 CE

This rebellion was a peasant revolt in China during the Han Dynasty.

Gupta Empire

320 CE - 550 CE

This was the golden age for India. Trade prospered and India had become important to the Silk Road.

Chandra Gupta

320 CE - 355 CE

He was the founder of the Mauryan Dynasty. This led to many other civilizations like the Gupta.

Americas and Oceania

Settlement of islands throughout Oceania

60000 BCE

These islands include New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and etc.

Land Bridge Migration to Americas

8000 b.c.e.

This was a bridge from Eurasia to the Americas. Many nomads migrated across this bridge to get to the Americas.

Olmecs

1200 BCE - 400 BCE

The Olmec were the foundation and core for many mesoamerican civilizations. Olmec also had earthern pyramids.

Chavin

900 BCE - 200 BCE

These settlements began near the Andes Mountains. They had many irrigation techniques and had impressive techniques in metallurgy.

Mochica

200 BCE - 700 CE

This was the civilizations near the coast and valleys of ancient Peru. They were believed to be the best craftsmen and artists in the Andes.

Mayan

300 CE - 1100 CE

The maya where a mesoamerican civilization that was influenced by the Olmecs. They are most known for the Maya script.

Popul Vuh

1554 CE - 1558 CE

This was a cultural narrative that recounts the myths about the Guatemalans (K'iche').

Europe (Greeks and Romans)

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

This is due to the patricians revolting against the roman monarchy. A group of representatives are represented by the senate.

Pericles

495 bc - 429 bc

The golden age of athenian culture flourished under Pericles, who was a brilliant general, orator, and patron of the arts

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Socrates was a Greek thinker who questions other people to clarify their idea. He is known for the Socratic Method.

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

Student of Aristotle, Plato published the Republic, which he talks about philospher kings.

Aristotle

384 BCE - 322 BCE

He was the student of Plato who wrote about a range of topics including the Golden Mean or empiricism.

Alexander the Great

356 BC - 323 BC

He was the King of Macedon who gained the most power and land out of any kings.

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

He was a roman politician who led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

Augustus Caesar (Octavian)

63 BCE - 14 CE

He was the founder of the Roman Principate and he also ruled the first Roman Empire.

Pax Romana

27 BCE - 180 CE

Roman Peace

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476 CE

With the end of the civil war, Octavian molded Rome into an empire. This was when the golden age occurred.

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 30 CE

Also referred to as Jesus Christ.

Trajan

53 CE - 117 CE

He was a roman empire who is known for his soldier-emperor. He also presided over the greatest military expansion in history of Rome.

Constantine

272 - 337

He was the first christian emperor who changed the church very significantly.

Split of the Roman Empire

285 CE

Due to the fact that the empire had grown so much, it had to be split into two. It was split into the Eastern Empire and the Western Empire.

Christianity

313 CE

Constantine declared the official religion of rome Christianity in 313 CE.

Global

Diocletian

284 CE - 305 CE

He is the Roman Emperor who led to the split of Rome.

Germanic Invasions

433 CE

This was a series of wars between the romans and various germanic tribes.

Attila

434 CE - 453 CE

He was the ruler of the Huns, which were the mongols.

Fall of Rome

476 CE

Romulus was overthrown by the germanic leader, Odoacer. This led to the downfall of the western roman empire.