Ancient Rome Emperors

Events

Julius Caesar

46 BC - 44 BC

Had a child with Cleopatra

Augustus

27 BC - 14 AD

The month of August was named after him

Tiberius

14 AD - 37 AD

Adopted by Augustus

Caligula

37 AD - 41 AD

Mentally disturbed

Claudius

41 AD - 54 AD

The circumstances of his death are still unclear

Nero

54 AD - 68 AD

Murdered his first wife (Octavia)

Galba

68 AD - 69 AD

Extremely crippled by Arthritis

Otho

69 AD

Committed suicide to prevent a civil war at age 36

Vitellius

January 1, 69 AD

One of his thighs was permanently crippled by Caligula's chariot in a chariot race

Vespasian

January 2, 69 AD - 79 AD

Made a decision which led to building the colosseum

Titus

79 AD - 81 AD

First Roman emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father

Domitian

81 AD - 96 AD

Last member of the Flavian dynasty

Nerva

96 AD - 98 AD

The first of a succession of rulers knows as the "Five Good Emperors"

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Spaniard who was the first emperor not to come from Italy

Hadrian

117 AD - 138 AD

Rebuilt the Pantheon

Antoninus Pius

138 AD - 161 AD

One of the "Five Good Emperors"

Marcus Aurelius & Lucius Verus

161 AD - 180 AD

Marcus Aurelius (161 AD- 180 AD) & Lucius Verus (161 AD- 169 AD) were both adopted by Antoninus Pius

Commodus

180 AD - 192 AD

He believed himself to be a reincarnation of Hercules

Pertinax

January 1, 193 AD

Used to be a teacher and an officer in the army before becoming emperor

Didius Julianus & Niger, Albinus, Septimius Severus

January 2, 193 AD

Known as "Year of the Five Emperors" because there were five claimants for being the Roman emperor

Septimius Severus

January 3, 193 - 211 AD

First black African-born emperor of Rome

Caracalla & Geta

211 AD - 217 AD

Caracalla and Geta were siblings

Macrinus

217 AD - 218 AD

Ordered an assassin to kill Caracalla

Elagabalus

218 AD - 222 AD

Elagabalus and his mother were killed by the Praetoria Guards

Alexander Severus

222 AD - 235 AD

Last emperor of the Severan dynasty

Maximinus Thrax (235 AD-238 AD), Gordian, Gordian II (238 AD), Pupienus, & Balbinus (238 AD)

235 AD - 238 AD

Maximinus was huge and strong which helped him get in the military in 190 AD. Gordian was 80 when he became emperor. Gordian II was killed in the Battle of Carthage against Capelianus. Balbinus and Pupienus were assassinated on the same day by soldiers of the Praetorian guard.

Gordian III

238 AD - 244 AD

Youngest legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the Roman empire. He was 13 years old when he became emperor

Phillippus Arabs

244 AD - 249 AD

Became known as "Philip the Arab." First man of that race to hold imperial throne

Decius

249 AD - 251 AD

Was killed in the Battle of Abritus