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Events

E Asia

Xia dynasty

2100 BCE

Yu brought order to the region and Yu passed his power to his son Qi.

Shang Dynasty starts

1750 BCE

Tang overthrew the Xia king and took power. Shang dynasty lasted for 600 years.

End of Shang Dynasty and beginning of Zhou

1045 BCE

Wu overthrew the Shang kings and started Zhou dynasty.

Laozi

600 BCE - 500 BCE

founder of daoism

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

K´ung Fu-tzu was born while the Zhou dynasty was in decline and created Confucianism

Daoism

500 BCE

ying and yang. seek harmony with nature. balance

Confucianism

500 BCE

respecting social hierarchies and traditions, focused on behavior in everyday life. respect elders. golden rule. family unit was important

Legalism

475 BCE - 221 BCE

dealt with how people behave. lead by Han Fei Zu and Li Si. strict laws and punishment

Mencius

372 BCE - 289 BCE

Confucian teacher after Confucius. wrote the book called Mencius. It is said that he was a disciple of Confucius' grandson.

Qin Shi Huang

259 BC - 210 BC

1st emperor of Qin dynasty

Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 206 BC

after Zhou. strict legalism, started great wall, standardized weights, measurements and currency.

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

Civil service exam. Yellow Turban Rebellion.Han Wudi was the most significant emperor.

Ban Zhao

45 ce - 116 ce

historian and instructor who was a women during the Han dynasty. wrote ¨lessons for women"

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184

Series of peasant uprisings. names because of scarfs worn by peasants involved.

S Asia

Dravidians established Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa

2500 BCE

City planning.

Aryans came into India

1500 BCE

Aryans came into India and brought horses.

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

young elite who rejected worldly pleasures and meditated under bodhi tree and reached enlightenment. became the Buddha

Buddhism

520 bc

universalizing religon. Four Noble Truths. trying to reach nirvana

Chandra Gupta

340 BCE - 297 BCE

founder of Maurya empire

Mauryan Dynasty

321 BCE - 185 BCE

1st notable empire in India

Ashoka Maurya

268 BCE - 232 BCE

most celebrates Mauryan ruler. Ashoka the Great. strong advocate for Buddhism.

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

second and last major dynasty of the Classical Era. Golden Age for India.

Mid-East

Neanderthal

Approx. 200,000 BCE - Approx. 30,000 BCE

an extinct species of human with a receding forehead and prominent brow ridges.

Cro-Magnon

140,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

a hominid of a tall erect race of the Upper Paleolithic. classified as homo sapiens

Catal Huyuk

7500 BC - 5700 BC

Neolithic cities, one of the first cities

Start of the civilization of Sumer

5000 BCE

Sometime before 5000 BCE, a group of nomadic pastoralists called Sumerians migrated into Mesopotamia and created the civilization of Sumer.

Invention of bronze

3500 BCE

yellowish brown alloy

The Epic of Gilgamesh

2500 BCE

The epic concerns the adventures of a real Sumerian kind names Gilgamesh. One of the first written stories.

Sargon

2370 BCE - 2315 BCE

first ruler of the Akkadian empire. Known for the conquest of many Sumerian city-states.

Fall of Sumer

2300 BCE

Fell to invaders.

Abraham

2000 BCE

Patriarch of Christianity, Judaism, and Muslim Religions.

The start of Babylonian Empire

1900 BCE

A Persian people from what is now Iran invaded and took control of Mesopotamia. They built a new capital city called Babylon, so they became known as Babylonians.

Code of Hammurabi

Approx. 1750 BCE

282 laws carved into stone monuments, one of the first instances of laws being put into writing for everyone to see. It was built on the idea of "eye for an eye".

Iron

1300 BCE

a strong hard magnetic silvery grey metals

Persians are ruled by Cyrus the Great

559 BCE - 529 BCE

Ruled for 30 years.

Achaemenid Empire

558 BCE - 330 BCE

Rules of Cyrus the Great and Cambyses.

Darius ruled Persia

522 BCE - 486 BCE

Persian ruler who divided land into provinces. Created satrap.

Europe

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

after overthrow of monarchy. reprsentive gov. Senate

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

questioning and made Socratic Method. put to death by Athenian Government

Pericles

461 B.C. - 429 B.C.

He created council of 500 and developed peoples court. statesmen, orator, and general.

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

student of Socrates. Best known dialogue was ¨The Republic¨

Aristotle

384 B.C. - 322 B.C.

One of Platos students. The Golden Mean. Poetics

Alexander the Great

356 BC - 323 BC

Spread greek culutre and conquered to India. died of fever

Germanic Invasions

113 BC - 596 AD

The Germanic Wars is a name given to a series of wars between the Romans and various Germanic tribes between 113 BC and 596 AD. The nature of these wars varied through time between Roman conquest, Germanic uprisings and later Germanic invasions in the Roman Empire that started in the late 2nd century BC.

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

Roman political and general who played role in fall of Roman republic and rise of Roman Empire

Augustus Caesar

63 BC - 14 AD

first Roman emperor

Augustus Caesar

63 BC - 14 AD

first Roman emperor

Roman Empire

27 BCE - 476 CE

Octavian started Roman Empire Pax Romana

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Roman Peace

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 30 CE

leader of Christianity. Son of God

Christianity

4 CE

lead by Jesus. spread through Roman Empire

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Roman Emperor known for public projects

Constantine

272 - 337

made Christianity legal and official religion of Roman emperor

DIocletian

284 CE - 305 CE

ruler when Roman Empire split

Split of Roman Empire

285 CE

UNder DIocletian Rome split into two. Rome= western capital, Byzantium= eastern capital.

Attila

434 - 453

Ruler of the Huns

Fall of Rome

476

Invaders finally took over Rome.

Africa

The development of farming and herding

8000 BCE

People began to practice agriculture and pastoralism

Approx. 5500 BCE

From Mesopotamian people, they learned how to grow wheat and barley.

King Menes unites the two Egyptian Kingdoms

3100 BCE

King Menes unites Lower and Upper Egypt and established Memphis as the capital city.

The Old Kingdom

2660 BCE - 2160 BCE

Pharaohs ruled.

The Middle Kingdom

2040 BCE - 1786 BCE

Mentuhotep II took power.

The New Kingdom

1570 BCE - 1070 BCE

The Hyksos occupied Egypt for a short period of time. Ramses the Great

Americas

migration began on land bridge called Beringia

Approx. 13000 BC

Mayan Empire

1500 BC - 900 CE

Noted for architecture, city planning, math, calendar, and hieroglyphics. South east Mexico Guatemala and Belize.

The Olmec

1200 BCE - 400 BCE

East and central Mexico. About 17 huge basalt monuments of human heads have been found.

The Chavin Civilixation

1000 BCE - 200 BCE

Elaborate temples

Mochica

200 BCE - 700 CE

2nd civilization in Andes Mountain. Mysteriously vanishes probably ended in civil war and war. Built homes around their two homes

Popul Vuh

700 CE

refered to as myan bible

Oceania

Oceania Settlements and Societies

4000 BCE - 700

Europeans first visited Easter Island

1722 CE