AP World History Timeline - Foundations

Events

E Asia

Shia (Xia)

2200 BCE - 1800 BCE

first dynasty in traditional Chinese history

Shang

1600 BC - 1050 BC

the Dynasty that bronze working became common

oracle bones

1200 bc - 1050 bc

made from shoulder blades of oxen; used to define the future

Zhou

1029 bc - 258 bc

King Wu overthrew the last king to start this dynasty

Laozi

600 BCE - 500 BCE

founded Taoism

Confucianism

551 B.C.E

tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

teachings focused on creating ethical models of family and public interaction, and setting educational standards

daoism

475 bce - 221 bce

religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao

Era of Warring States

403 BCE - 221 BCE

an era of division in ancient China

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE

philosophical belief that human beings are more inclined to do wrong than right because they are motivated entirely by self interest

Mencius

372 BCE - 289 BCE

a Chinese philosopher who is the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself

Quin Shihaungdi

247 BCE - 210 BCE

founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD)

Ban Zhao

45 ce - 116 ce

wrote ¨Lessons for Women¨

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE

peasant uprising

SE Asia

S Asia

Harappa

3000 B.C.E. - 1500 B.C.E.

reputed to signify “the mound of the dead.”

Mohenjo-Daro

3000 bc - 2800 bc

one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley civilization

vedas

1500 bce - 1000 bce

large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent

¨Solidification¨ of Caste System

1500 BC

began with the arrival of the Aryans in India

Upanishads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

a collection of ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

n ascetic and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded

mauryan dynasty

322 BCE - 187 BCE

a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India

Chandra Gupta

320 BCE - 298 BCE

founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India; born into a humble family

Ashoka Maurya

268 BCE - 232 BCE

an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent

Buddhism

261 B.C - Present

religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

called the Golden Age of India

Mid-East

cro-magnon

35000 bc - 10000 bc

among the first fossils to be recognized as belonging to homo sapiens

pastoralism

10000 BC - 3000 B.C

Suitable because of dry environment

Catal Huyuk

7500 bc - 5700 bc

best example of an early neolithic town where the transition to a fully settled existence has been satisfactorily achieved

Bronze age to beginning of Iron age

4000 BC - 1000 BC

Mesopotamian's were one of the first Bronze age people in the world; they used copper, bronze, gold, and later on, iron

Sargon

2334 BCE - 2279 BCE

ruler of Akkad in Mesopotamia andcredited with creating the world's first known empire

Abraham

2100 bc - 1950 bc

founding father of the covenant

Epic of Gilgamesh

2000 BCE

often regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature

Hammurabi

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

Created Hammurabi's code: well preserved Babylonian code of law

Agricultural Revolution

1700 - 1800

prehistoric transition from hunting and gathering to settled agriculture

N & C Asia

Cyrus

559 BC - 530 BC

founder of the Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Empire

558 BCE - 330 BCE

founded by Cyrus

Darius

521 BCE - 486 BCE

third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire

Europe

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

era of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom and ending with the establishment of the Roman Empire.

Socrates

470 BCE - 399 BCE

classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy

Pericles

429 BC

prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age—specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Greek philosopher and scientist, better known as the teacher of Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

356 bc - 323 bc

king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty

julius caesar

100 BCE - 44 BCE

Roman politician and general; played role in the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire

Roman empire

27 BC - 476 AD

post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

period of Roman peace

Augustus Caesar

27 BC - 14 AD

founder of the Roman Principate and considered the first Roman emperor

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 30 CE

Jewish preacher and religious leader

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion

Constantine

272 - 337

Roman Emperor of Illyrian-Greek origin

Split of Roman Empire

285 CE

first order of new Emperor Diocletian was to divide the empire

Christianity

380

Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ,

fall of rome

476

process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule

Africa

Menes

3100 bce

united Upper and Lower Egypt and was the founder of the First Dynasty

Old Kingdom

2575 BC - 2134 BC

Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization

Middle Kingdom Begins in Egypt

2030 BC - 1640 BC

stretched from the reunification of Egypt under the impulse of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty

Neandertal

2000 BCE

originated in Africa and eventually migrated to Middle East

New Kingdom

1550 BC - 1070 BC

¨Golden Age¨ time of wealth, prosperity, and power

Americas

Mayan

2000 BC - 900 AD

Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script

Olmecs

1500 BC - 400 BC

an important early Mesoamerican civilization which had much influence on later cultures such as the Aztecs and the Maya

Chavin

1000 bce - 300 bce

civilization named for Chavín de Huantar, the principal archaeological site at which its artifacts have been found

Mochica

200 BCE - 700 CE

Also called Moche: Andean civilization that flourished from the 1st to the 8th century CE on the northern coast of what is now Peru

Popul Vuh

1000 CE - 1500 CE

“Book of the Community,” narrates the Maya creation account, the tales of the Hero Twins, and the K'iche' genealogies and land rights

Oceania

Settlement of islands throughout Oceania

60,000 BCE

Europeans gradually explored Oceania

land bridge

13,000 bce

migration to Americas

Global-Interregional

Germanic Invasions

200 CE - 500 CE

the Germanic tribes were fleeing the Huns, who had moved into their lands and began destroying everything

Diocletian

284 AD - 305 AD

Roman emperor that was born to a family of low status in Dalmatia

Attila

434 - 453

¨Attila the Hun¨ formerly the ruler of the Huns