LR's Ancient History Timeline

Events

Prehistory; Ancient Mesopotamia

Neandertals

12000 bce - 4001 bce

share 98.8 % DNA with us
First human like species
(Central and Northern Asia)

Cro Magnon

10,000 BCE - 4,000 BCE

Term used to describe early humans
Had cave painting
(Ancient mesopotamia)

Catal Huyuk

7500 bce - 5700 bce

Existed for 200 years
(Ancient Mesopotamia)

Bronze

3300 BCE - 2300 BCE

First used metal was copper, then melted then tin and copper together which created a stronger metal which became bronze
Stated the Bronze Age
(Ancient Mesopotamia)

Sargon

2334 BC - 2279 BC

Credited for creating the worlds first empire
(Ancient mesoamerica)

Pastoralists

2100 BCE

Controlled their own food supply
Mobile
Effected the environment dramatically
(Ancient mesoamerica)

Abraham

1975 BC - 1800 BC

Founded Canaan (the Promise land)
(Ancient Mesopotamia)

Hammurabi

1792 bce - 1750 bce

Was a Babylonian king and created the code of Hammurabi
(Ancient Mesopotamia)

Egypt

Ancient India and China

Harappa

3000 B.C.E. - 1500 B.C.E.

Did not have social classes
Peaceful civilization
Used copper, bronze, spears, and arrowheads

Mohenjo-Daro

2500 BCE - 1900 BCE

Big on trade with people outside their social group
Standardized weights and measurements
(S Asia)

Xia Dynasty

2070 bc - 1600 bc

Lasted for about 400 years. There is little to know about them
(China)

The Shang Dynasty

1766 BCE - 1122 BCE

Ruled for about 600 years
very powerful
conquered many people
(China)

12 month calendar
first musical instrument appeared here

Vedas

1500 BCE - 1000 BCE

A collection of Aryan religious hymns, poems, and songs
(India)

Oracle Bones

1200 bce - 1050 bce

Heat them up and it would crack which could tell you the answer to a question
(Ancient China)

Indian caste system

1200 BCE - 1000 BCE

Brahman; priest and teacher
Kshatriyas; warriors and rulers
Vaishya; farmers and traders and merchants
Shudras; laborers
Dalits; untouchables, street sweepers, latrine cleaners

Zhou Dynasty

1046 BCE - 256 BCE

Had the concept of the Mandate of Heaven
Longest dynasty
(China)

Upanishads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

Foundational text that later became the basis oh Hinduism
(India)

Warring States

475 bc - 221 bc

Legalism
Confucian
Daoism
(Anicent China)

Ancient Americas and Oceania

Bering Strait

22000 bc - 15000 bc

Was a land bridge from the Americas
Now separates N America and Asia

Mayan

2000 BC - 250 AD

Had a 12 month calendar
Hieroglyphics
Best known for their art, agr., and math
(Ancient America)

Easter Island

1983 BCE - 1722 CE

Divided into clans
Sweet potatoes spread to the other Pacific Islands like New Zealand
(Oceania)

Olmec

1200 BC - 400 BC

Big head sculptors
(Americas)

Chavin

900 BCE - 200 BCE

Named after Chavin de Huantar
Known for its art and design
(Americas)

Mochica

200 BCE - 700 CE

Created irrigation systems
(Americas)

Popul Vuh

1000 ce - 1500 ce

Sacred book of the Maya
Mesoamerican mythology
Modern day Guatemala

Persia

Cyrus the Great

559 BCE - 530 BCE

Ruled Persia
Conquered most of the land from the Aegean Sea to the borders of India
Succeeded by his son
(Persia)

Achaemenid Empire

558 BCE - 330 BCE

First Persian Empire founded by Cyrus the Great

King Darius

522 BCE - 486 BCE

Ruler over Persia when and divided it into 2 provinces

Classical China

Laozi

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Was a philosopher like Confucious
(China)

Confucius

551 BC - 479 BC

Teaching that were in Analects that focused on family, public interaction, and educational standards
(Classical China)

Daoism

500 BCE

one with nature
(Classical China)

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE

Part pf the Warring States
The Qin followed legalism
(Classical China)

Confucianism

400 bc

Filial Piety- respect wisdom
Analect
educated
(Classical China)

Mencius

372 BC - 289 BC

Philosopher
Wrote a book
Disciple of Confucian
(Classical China)

Qin Shi Haungdi

259 BC - 210 BC

Founder of the Qin Dynasty and the first emperor to unify China

Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 207 BC

Shi haungdi
currency (money)
legalism
(Classical China)

Han dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

Very strong military
conquered many people
gave land to their military and relatives
(Classical China)
combined conquered people into their society

Ben Zhao

45 CE - 120 CE

!st female Chinese historian
wrote a book (lessons for women)
very educated

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE - 204 CE

Pasant rebellion
(Classical China)

Classical India

Siddhartha Guatama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

Achieved enlightenment
Spiritual Teacher
Founder of Buddhism
(India)

Buddhism

383 BCE

Reaction of Hinduism
Nervana
4 noble truths
appeals to the poor
(Classical India)

Chandra Gupta

322 BCE - 293 BCE

Founder of the Mauryan Empire in ancient India (orphaned and abandoned)

Mauryan Dynasty

321 BCE - 185 BCE

Divided into 2 provinces that had capitals ruled by princes
(Classical India)

Askoka Maurya

286 BCE - 232 BCE

Ruled almost all of India

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

Also divided into 2 provinces but ruled former Kings or Princes
(Classical India)

Greece

Pericles

495 BCE - 429 BCE

In the Golden Age
Good leader
Name means surrounded by glory
(Greece)
Led the democracy of Athens

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Founder of the western philosophy
(Greece)

Plato

427 BC - 347 BC

Student of Aristotle
kept his teachings alive by opening up a school
(Greece)

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Teacher of AlexTG and Plato
Most well known philosopher
(Greece)

Alexander the great

356 BC - 323 BC

Ruled over a Greek kingdom in Macedon

Rome

Roman Republic

509 bce - 46 bce

Emperor and Senate
Centralized
Laws of the 12 tables
Women had no rights

Augustus Caesar

63 BC - 14 AD

Was the first true Roman emperor. His nephew was Julius Caesar and he expanded the geographic reach (100BC-44BC)

Pax Romana

27 BCE - 180 CE

time of Roman peace

Roman Empire

27 BCE - 476 CE

Had a long period of peace
Centralized
Women had rights (divorce and own property)
Roads and infrastructure
Philosophy (Ovid wrote love poetry)

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BC - 33 AD

Believed to be the messiah
Founder of Christianity
Crucified
(Rome)

Christianity

33 CE

Founder; Jesus
universalizing religion
(Rome)

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

A Roman emperor
Was a successful general solider the won 3 major conflicts

Constantine

274 AD - 337 AD

Roman ruler that converted to Christianity
Tried to get other to convert as well but they didn't want to
(Rome)

Roman empire split

284 AD

Splits into east and west
Christianity was the glue that held both sides together

Silk Roads

Germanic Invasions

113 BC - 596 AD

Germanic Wars between Rome
When fleeing the Huns, the Germanic tribes moved through Rome

Diocletian

284 CE - 305 CE

Roman emperor
Born in a low social group but rose in stature by being in the military

Attlia

434 AD - 453 AD

King of Hun
Withdrawal from the throne because his troops were catching diseases

Fall of Rome

476

The silk road brought trade but also got people very sick and they died