The neanderthals were the evolving species of the modern human.
30000 BCE - 10000 BCE
The Cro-magnon were another species prior to the emergence of modern Homo-Sapiens.
Land bridge called Beringia existed
Not much is known about how humans reached North America except that they probably crossed a land bridge along the Bering Straight.
Approx. 8000 bce - Approx. 5000 bce
A set of life changes based on the development of agriculture. This did not happens instantaneously all over the world.
7500 BCE - 5500 BCE
CIty founded along a river that is now dried up in Turkey. Was not part of an emerging civilization.
King Menes unifies and rules Upper and Lower Egypt
King Menes established a capital at Memphis on the southern end of the Nile River Delta.
Egypt's Old Kingdom
2660 BCE - 2160 BCE
This is the first great period of Egyptian history. It had a centralized government and theocrats known as pharaohs. This was the period of Egypt that built the Great Pyramids.
Harrappa + Mohenjo-Daro
2500 BCE - 2000 BCE
The Dravidians established two sophisticated cities known as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro which had indoor plumbing.
2100 BCE - 1750 BCE
The Xia was the first dynasty of china which lasted for 400 years. Not much is known about the Xia.
Egypt's Middle Kingdom
2040 BCE - 1786 BCE
Egypt was reunited under Thebes. Pharaohs had statues built in honor of themselves to encourage loyalty. Egypt fell to the Hyskos and their superior weapons such as horse drawn characters.
Abraham founds Canaan
Abraham left Mesopotamia to settle in Canaan or the " Promised land. Today many religions trace their heritage to Abraham.
Epic of Gilgamesh
Approx. 2000 BCE
Gilgamesh was in power around 2750 BCE to 2500 BCE. It is a story about how the hero died and saw the afterlife. This was one of the first known stories containing life after death.
1792 BC - 1750 BC
Was the most powerful king of Babylon. Established the first record of written laws. This was called Hammurabi's code and was built on the eye for an eye tooth for a tooth principle.
1750 BCE - 1040 BCE
The Shang used oracle bones to talk to ancestors and predict the future. They also believed in ancestor veneration.
Egypt's New Kingdom
1570 BCE - 1070 BCE
Ramses the Great took power during this time. He had the most statues built and expanded his empire in southeast Asia.
1200 BCE - 400 BCE
The Olmecs lived in east and central Mexico. They are most famous for carving huge basalt heads.
Approx. 1046 BCE - Approx. 400 BCE
The Zhou believed in the Mandate of Heaven which stated that rulers had a divine right to rule. This was the longest lasting dynasty.
1000 BCE - 200 BCE
The Chavin lived in Peru and ate llama.
600 BCE - 500 BCE
Laozi was the founder of Daoism which taught to be in harmony with nature. Two key principles are the Yin and Yang which are the feminine and masculine principles.
563 BCE - 483 BCE
Founder of Buddhism. He is believed to have reached enlightenment.
Cyrus the Great
559 BCE - 529 BCE
Cyrus conquered most of the land from the Aegean sea to India.
558 BCE - 330 BCE
This was the first Persian empire ruled by Cyrus and Cambyses who conquered and united Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India.
Confucious focused on behavior instead of belief in deities. Through Confucianism, filial piety or respect for elders was established.
522 BCE - 486 BCE
King Darius ruled Persia with provinces and satraps. He also instituted tax payments. He also instituted caravanserai which were inns and markets along trade routes.
509 BCE - 46 BCE
The Roman Republic consisted of the first known democracy through a senate and magistrates. The Republic also had laws publicly placed for all to see.
495 BCE - 429 BCE
Was one of the Athenian philosophers who oversaw the building of the Parthenon.
Warring states period
475 BCE - 221 BCE
A period when dynasties continually fought but was ended by QIn.
470 BCE - 399 BCE
Socrates was a Greek philosopher who invented the Socratic method. This was a system of continually asking questions to clarify another idea.
427 BCE - 327 BCE
Plato was a student of Socrates who opened the Academy which was a school that taught the ideas of Socrates. Plato wrote a book called the Republic which had the idea of philosopher kings ruling the world.
400 BCE - 225 BCE
Legalism was different from Daoism and Confucianism in that it focused on a set of laws instead of the meaning of life.
384 BCE - 322 BCE
Aristotle was a famous Athenian philosopher who believed in the golden mean of moderate courage.
Alexander the Great
336 BCE - 323 BCE
Alexander spread Greek culture all the way to India in his conquests. He founded the great city of Alexandria which was a very cultural and trade oriented city.
321 BCE - 232 BCE
Controlled India and brought Buddhism into India and surrounding areas through missionaries
268 BCE - 232 BCE
Leader of Maurya who brought much of east central India under his control. Eventually converted to Buddhism.
221 BCE - 206 BCE
Qin Shihuangdi ended the warring states period. He standardized weights and measurements. He also standardized the first language.
206 BCE - 220 CE
The Han created the civil service exam and a national university. During the Han the Chinese era of peace called the Pax Sinica happened.
31 BCE - 180 CE
This was the Roman era of peace under Augustus Caesar. Rome flourished through trade and the expansion of the empire.
27 BCE - 476 CE
The Roman Empire was a well governed empire that controlled its lower classes and prospered through trade on the silk road. Religion was based off the Greek gods but was eventually changed to Christianity.
Christianity started with the birth of Jesus Christ around this time. The religion quickly spread throughout the Roman era due to the help of Paul. The religion offered an afterlife and appealed to the poor.
Jesus of Nazareth
1 CE - 33 CE
Jesus was a Jew who challenged Jewish traditions and created trouble according to the Romans. He was seen as the Messiah the Jews had been waiting for and offered a religion with an afterlife. Christianity also appealed to the poor which is one reason it spread so quickly.
45 CE - 120 CE
Was the unofficial historian to Emperor Ho and a teacher. She was an educated woman which meant that she was wealthy. She also wrote lessons for women.
Yellow Turban Rebellion
126 CE - 220 CE
Han emperors failed to address famine and land distribution issues. This lead to the uprising of peasants who overthrew the emperor.
Approx. 200 CE - Approx. 397 CE
Leader of the Gupta dynasty in India.
284 CE - 305 CE
Diocletian was a Germanic ruler who split Rome into the east and the west.
Split of Rome
284 CE - 305 CE
Rome split into the Eastern and Western empires under Diocletian. The east was known as the Byzantium empire and flourished under Constantine. The Eastern empire however continued to slowly fall apart.
Fall of Rome
300 CE - 476 CE
Rome flourished through trade but it also brought in disease. Disease created a decline in population which led to a decline of trade and tax.
300 CE - 1100 CE
The Mayan were an ancient civilization in southern Mexico who took over the territory of the Olmec.
Constantine was the first Christian emperor of Rome who moved the capital to Constantinople.
Approx. 320 CE - Approx. 550 CE
The second major Indian dynasty of the Classical era.