The neanderthals were the evolving species of the modern human.
The Cro-magnon were another species prior to the emergence of modern Homo-Sapiens.
Not much is known about how humans reached North America except that they probably crossed a land bridge along the Bering Straight.
A set of life changes based on the development of agriculture. This did not happens instantaneously all over the world.
CIty founded along a river that is now dried up in Turkey. Was not part of an emerging civilization.
King Menes established a capital at Memphis on the southern end of the Nile River Delta.
This is the first great period of Egyptian history. It had a centralized government and theocrats known as pharaohs. This was the period of Egypt that built the Great Pyramids.
The Dravidians established two sophisticated cities known as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro which had indoor plumbing.
The Xia was the first dynasty of china which lasted for 400 years. Not much is known about the Xia.
Egypt was reunited under Thebes. Pharaohs had statues built in honor of themselves to encourage loyalty. Egypt fell to the Hyskos and their superior weapons such as horse drawn characters.
Abraham left Mesopotamia to settle in Canaan or the " Promised land. Today many religions trace their heritage to Abraham.
Gilgamesh was in power around 2750 BCE to 2500 BCE. It is a story about how the hero died and saw the afterlife. This was one of the first known stories containing life after death.
Was the most powerful king of Babylon. Established the first record of written laws. This was called Hammurabi's code and was built on the eye for an eye tooth for a tooth principle.
The Shang used oracle bones to talk to ancestors and predict the future. They also believed in ancestor veneration.
Ramses the Great took power during this time. He had the most statues built and expanded his empire in southeast Asia.
The Olmecs lived in east and central Mexico. They are most famous for carving huge basalt heads.
The Zhou believed in the Mandate of Heaven which stated that rulers had a divine right to rule. This was the longest lasting dynasty.
The Chavin lived in Peru and ate llama.
Laozi was the founder of Daoism which taught to be in harmony with nature. Two key principles are the Yin and Yang which are the feminine and masculine principles.
Founder of Buddhism. He is believed to have reached enlightenment.
Cyrus conquered most of the land from the Aegean sea to India.
This was the first Persian empire ruled by Cyrus and Cambyses who conquered and united Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India.
Confucious focused on behavior instead of belief in deities. Through Confucianism, filial piety or respect for elders was established.
King Darius ruled Persia with provinces and satraps. He also instituted tax payments. He also instituted caravanserai which were inns and markets along trade routes.
The Roman Republic consisted of the first known democracy through a senate and magistrates. The Republic also had laws publicly placed for all to see.
Was one of the Athenian philosophers who oversaw the building of the Parthenon.
A period when dynasties continually fought but was ended by QIn.
Socrates was a Greek philosopher who invented the Socratic method. This was a system of continually asking questions to clarify another idea.
Plato was a student of Socrates who opened the Academy which was a school that taught the ideas of Socrates. Plato wrote a book called the Republic which had the idea of philosopher kings ruling the world.
Legalism was different from Daoism and Confucianism in that it focused on a set of laws instead of the meaning of life.
Aristotle was a famous Athenian philosopher who believed in the golden mean of moderate courage.
Alexander spread Greek culture all the way to India in his conquests. He founded the great city of Alexandria which was a very cultural and trade oriented city.
Controlled India and brought Buddhism into India and surrounding areas through missionaries
Leader of Maurya who brought much of east central India under his control. Eventually converted to Buddhism.
Qin Shihuangdi ended the warring states period. He standardized weights and measurements. He also standardized the first language.
The Han created the civil service exam and a national university. During the Han the Chinese era of peace called the Pax Sinica happened.
This was the Roman era of peace under Augustus Caesar. Rome flourished through trade and the expansion of the empire.
The Roman Empire was a well governed empire that controlled its lower classes and prospered through trade on the silk road. Religion was based off the Greek gods but was eventually changed to Christianity.
Jesus was a Jew who challenged Jewish traditions and created trouble according to the Romans. He was seen as the Messiah the Jews had been waiting for and offered a religion with an afterlife. Christianity also appealed to the poor which is one reason it spread so quickly.
Christianity started with the birth of Jesus Christ around this time. The religion quickly spread throughout the Roman era due to the help of Paul. The religion offered an afterlife and appealed to the poor.
Was the unofficial historian to Emperor Ho and a teacher. She was an educated woman which meant that she was wealthy. She also wrote lessons for women.
Han emperors failed to address famine and land distribution issues. This lead to the uprising of peasants who overthrew the emperor.
Leader of the Gupta dynasty in India.
Rome split into the Eastern and Western empires under Diocletian. The east was known as the Byzantium empire and flourished under Constantine. The Eastern empire however continued to slowly fall apart.
Diocletian was a Germanic ruler who split Rome into the east and the west.
The Mayan were an ancient civilization in southern Mexico who took over the territory of the Olmec.
Rome flourished through trade but it also brought in disease. Disease created a decline in population which led to a decline of trade and tax.
Constantine was the first Christian emperor of Rome who moved the capital to Constantinople.
The second major Indian dynasty of the Classical era.