AP World History

Prehistory

Neolithic Revolution

8000 BCE

Also called the Agricultural Revolution changed agriculture created patorialism, specialized labor, towns and cities, governments, and religions

Catal Huyuk

7500 BCE

Ancient city founded on a since dried up river

Start of the Bronze Age

3300 BCE - 2300 BCE

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE

Peasant uprising named because of the scarves the rebellious people wore

Ancient Mesopotamia

Sumerians

5000 BCE - 2300 BCE

Polytheistic 12 month calendar number system based on 60 Wrote the Epic of Gilgamesh had the first written language of cuneiform

Phoenicians

3000 BCE

22 letter alphabet Carthage was a Phoenician colony

Abraham founds Canaan

2000 BCE

Jews Christians and Muslims monotheistic

Babylonians Emerge

1900 BCE

One of the first empires.

King Hammurabi

1790 BCE

First law code lots of infrastructure taxes known for "eye for an eye" type philosophies

Ancient Egypt

Nile River Valley

5000 BCE

this is when people first start settling

King Menes unites Upper and Lower Egypt

3100 BCE

Hieroglyphics Emerge

3000 BCE

The Old Kingdom

2660 BCE - 2160 BCE

"pharaohs" large pyramids

The Middle Kingdom

2040 BCE - 1786 BCE

statues created of government officials irrigation defeated by the Hyksos

The New Kingdom

1570 BCE - 1070 BCE

gained bronze and wood

Akhenaton

1350 BCE

tries to worship just one sun god named Aten fails

Ramses the Great

1290 BCE

Ancient India

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro Emerge

2500 BCE

urban planning sewage

Aryans develop Sanskrit

1200 BCE

The Vedic Age

800 BCE - 400 BCE

Formed the Upanishads, a collection of religious beliefs including brahma, dharma, karma, and moksha The Upanishads helped solidify the caste system

Ancient China

Xia Dynasty

2100 BCE - 1700 BCE

May have not existed Only written records were taken thousands of years later

Shang Dynasty

1750 BCE - 1045 BCE

Oracle bones Ancestor veneration

Zhou Dynasty

1045 BCE - 400 BCE

China's first Golden Age Mandate of Heaven

Warring States Era

475 BCE - 221 BCE

Ancient Americas and Oceania

Austronesian people migrate to Oceania

5000 BCE

Indigenous people in America discovered agriculture

3000 BCE

Olmec

1200 BCE - 400 BCE

Central Mexico had lots of influence on later civilizations

Chavin

1000 BCE - 200 BCE

Andes Mountains llamas irrigation

Persia

Cyrus the Great

559 BCE - 529 BCE

He and his son Cambyses's empire became known as the Achaemenid Empire

Daruis I

522 BCE - 486 BCE

Created rulers known as satraps to govern provinces Capital was Persepolis Built the Royal Road

Classical China

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 207 BCE

Founded by Qin Shinhuangdi Short lived but very influential Ended the Warring States period and brought about three different philosophies on how to rule Confucianism (Confucious followed by Mencius) Daoism (Laozi) and Legalism(Han Fe Zu)

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

Civil Service Exam Silk Road Ban Zhou and lessons for women

Han Wudi

141 BCE - 87 BCE

Han Dynasty's most significant emperor

Classical India

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

The Buddha Studied Vedic texts Buddhism is based off of Hinduism Buddhism then spreads to China

Mauryan Dynasty

300 BCE - 182 BCE

Conqueror Chandragupta Maurya seized most of the sub-continent

Ashoka Maurya

268 BCE - 232 BCE

One of the most celebrated Mauryan rulers

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

Had less land than the Mauryans Golden Age

Greece

Socrates

470 BCE - 399 BCE

Socratic method always ask questions

Pericles

461 B.C. - 429 B.C.

Golden Age Built the Parthenon Council of 500

Plato

427 BCE - 347 BCE

Taught by Socrates The Republic - "Philosopher Kings"

Aristotle

384 BCE - 322 BCE

Taught Alexander the Great the "Golden Mean" of courage

Alexander the Great's campaign

336 BCE - 323 BCE

Conquered Persia, Egypt, and everywhere else around the Mediterranean Sea

Rome

Roman Monarchy

753 B.C.E. - 509 B.C.E.

Roman Republic

509 BCE - 27 BCE

Julius Caesar becomes dictator of Rome

46 BCE

Octavian becomes Augustus and begins Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Roman Empire

27 B.C.E. - 476 C.E.

Jesus of Nazareth

0 CE

Jewish man that founded Christianity

Constantine makes Christianity legal

313

Constantinople is the new capital of Rome after the split

330