AP World

Events

East Asia

Xia dynasty

2100 bc

First possible dynasty of China

Shang Dynasty

1766 BCE - 1122 BCE

First Proven dynasty, used oracle bones

Oracle bones

1500 BCE

Write on bones, then burn them to get a message from gods

Zhou Dynasty

1046 BCE

Mandate of Heaven

Doaism

604 B.C.E - 531 B.C.E

Yin Yang, balance and harmony with nature

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Social Hierarchy

confusianism

550 b.c

Social Hierarchy

laozi

500 BCE

Doism, ying yang, balance, harmony with nature

Era of warring states

475 BCE - 221 BCE

China fell into disorder, decentralized

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE

Human nature is bad, people need a ruler to keep them in line, harsh punishment, good rewards

Mencius

385 Bce - 289 bc

Confucian philosopher

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 207 BCE

First dynasty after warring states, brutal ruling, legalism, infrastructure, standardization of weights, measurements, and language

qin shihuangdi

207 BCE

Qin dynasty, legalism, united China, metal crossbow, brutal ruler

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 AD

Expanded Silk Road, civil service exam, disease is ultimate downfall

Ban Zhou

45 CE - 116 CE

First female Chinese historian

yellow turban rebellion

184 - 205

Peasant uprising

South East Asia

South Asia

Harrappa + Mohenjo-Daro

2500 BCE - 2000 BCE

Indoor plumbing. Not long lasting impact on Indian culture

Solidification of Caste system

1500 BCE

Strict social hiearchy

Vedas

1500 BCE

Religious text for Hindus, set up caste system

Upanishads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

Foundational text for what is now the Hindu religion

Budhism

566 BCE

Religious teaching originated in India, spread to other parts of Asia

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

the Budha

Mauryan Dynasty

321 BCE - 185 BCE

Empire made of provinces, each province has a prince.

Chandragupta Maurya

320 BCE

Began the Mauryan empire

Ashoka Maurya

268 BCE - 232 BCE

a ruler who converted to Buddhism, grandson of Chandragupta

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

Dynasty in India, use of provinces, smaller than Mauryan

Middle East

Neolithic Revolution

8000 BCE

Development of agriculture

Catal Huyuk

7500 BCE - 5500 BCE

major city in present day turkey

Bronze Age

3300 BCE - 2300 BCE

Development of Bronze (tin and copper)

Epic of Gilgamesh

2600 BCE

First written story. Flood like in Noah's arch

Abraham

2166 BC - 1991 BC

Began Judaism, later on Christianity and Islam

Hammurabi

1792 BC - 1750 BC

Code of Hammurabi, strict, patriarchal law code, written law code

Archaemenid Dynasty

559 BCE - 330 BCE

Persian Empire, conflict with Greece, begins with Cyrus, tolerant of other religions, satraps

Darius

521 bc - 486 bc

Ruler of Persia, conquered lands, fought with Greece

N and C Asia

Europe

Cro-Magnon

8000 BC

First fossils found of humans, found in europe, earliest one is 40,000 BCE

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

Senate with Consuls, 12 Tables,

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Greek philosopher, continually ask questions

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

Student of Socrates wrote Socrates teachings, ideal society is ruled by moral and ethical values

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Golden Mean, be moderate

Alexander the Great

336 BCE - 323 BCE

Created Macedonian empire, united Greece, defeated Persia

Germanic Invasions

113 BC - 596 AD

Series of invasions by Germanic tribes north of Rome

Roman Empire

46 BCE - 476 CE

One Emperor, started by Julius Caesar, military expansion

Julius and Augustus Caesar

46 BCE - 14 AD

Julius is first emperor of Rome, cross Rubicon, Augustus is Octavian. Pax Romana

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Roman Peace, golden age

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 28 AD

Messiah, began Christianity, love your neighbor, large following

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Militaristic Emperorer, improved infrastructure

constantine

272 - 337

Moved Capital of Rome to constantinople, official religion of Rome is Christianity

Diocletian

284 AD - 305 AD

Roman cavalry who was born into a low class family but rose through the ranks.

Atilla

434 - 453

Ruler of tribal empire east of Rome, war like

split of Roman Empire

476 CE

Eastand West

Africa

King Menes

3100 BCE

First egyptian king to unite upper and lower egypt

Old Kingdom of Egypt

2,660 BCE - 2,160 BCE

Building of pyramids, pharaohs = children of gods,

Middle Kingdom of Egypt

2040 BCE - 1786 BCE

renewal in art and religion, statues of rulers, expansion into Nubia

New Kingdom of Egypt

1570 BCE - 1070 BCE

Ramses the Great, outward expansion to other places

Americas

land bridge

13000 BCE

Nomadic people follow herds of animals to americas

Olmec

1200 BCE - 400 BCE

Peru, large stone heads, athletics with religious significance

Chavin

1000 BCE - 200 BCE

Present day mexico

Oceaina

Settlements in Oceania

5000 BCE - 2500 BCE

Austronesian, Easter Island, connected via long distance trade

Global/Interregional

Neaderthals go extinct

38,000 BCE

Neanderthal= pre-homo-sapiens hunter forager