French Revolution Timeline

Events

Society of Thirty

November 1788

The Society of Thirty, a group of liberal nobles in favour of constitutional reform, is formed at Versailles

Tennis Court Oath

Approx. 20 June 1789

Made by National Assembly vowing: "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established".

Storming of the Bastille

July 14 1789

The state prison was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy's dictatorial rule, and the event became one of the defining moments in the Revolution that followed.

The Great Fear

17 July 1789 - 3 August 1789

A feeling of panic was spread over the people at the start of The French Revolution.

Nobles in National Assembly renounce feudal rights

August 4 1789

The rights of the Nobility and Clergy were swept away when feudalism was abolished.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen is drafted

27 August 1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man was a statement to the aristocracy of the public's disdain for specific policies and would eventually become the essence of the preamble to the Constitution of 1791.

Women of Paris March to Versailles

October 5 1789 - October 6 1789

Assignats were Introduced

January 1790

Assignats were paper money issued by the National Assembly in France from 1789 to 1796, during the French Revolution, to address imminent bankruptcy.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

12 July 1790

A law passed as an attempt to reorganize the Roman Catholic Church in France on a national basis.

The Required Oath of Clergyman

November 27 1790

A decree of the National Constituent Assembly requires all clergymen to swear an oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy.

Day of Daggers

February 28 1791

A group of 400 armed nobles invade the Tuileries to protect the king. The nobles were disarmed by Lafayette and the National Guard.

Flight to Varennes

June 21 1791

It was an attempted escape by the Royal Family to reach Austria. However, it was unsuccessful. The plan from the Royal family was originally to launch a counter-revolution from Austria. Plans, however, were changed once the Royal family was captured.

Massacre of the Champs de Mars

17 July 1791

The Jacobins held a demonstration on the Champ de Mars in Paris to gain signatures for their petition. A contingent of National Guard soldiers, led by General Lafayette, fired on the crowd, killing at least fifty.

Declaration of Pillnitz

27 August 1791

The Declaration of Pillnitz was a statement issued by the rulers of Austria and Prussia in 1792 to try and both support the French monarchy and forestall a European war as a result of the French Revolution.

Slavery abolished in France, but not in French colonies in New World

September 28 1791

Revolution of 10 August

10 August 1792

The storming of the Tuileries Palace by the National Guard of the Paris Commune and fédérés from Marseille and Brittany caused the fall of the French monarchy.

September Massacres

2 September 1792 - 7 September 1792

The September Massacres were a wave of killings in Paris and other cities during the French Revolution. There was a fear that foreign and royalist armies would attack Paris and that the inmates of the city's prisons would be freed and join them.

Creation of the National Convention

September 20 1792

The Legislative Assembly is dissolved and replaced by the National Convention.

The Convention abolishes the monarchy and France declared a republic

21 September 1792

In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. The measure came one year after King Louis XVI reluctantly approved a new constitution that stripped him of much of his power.

The trial of Louis XVI begins

December 11 1792

Louis XVI is executed

January 21 1793

King Louis XVI is executed, guillotined in the Place de la Révolution in Paris.

Counter-revolution in the Vendee begins

March 10 1793 - March 16 1793

The Vendée was a province in western France -and the epicentre of the largest counter-revolutionary uprising of the French Revolution.

Commission of Twelve

May 18 1793

Girondins in the National Convention establish a committee, the Commission of Twelve, to investigate anti-government activity in the Paris Commune and sections.

The committee of Public Safety begins de-Christianization

July 1793

Marat is murdered

13 July 1793

Jean-Paul Marat was a French politician, physician, and journalist, a leader of the radical Montagnard faction during the French Revolution. He was assassinated in his bath by Charlotte Corday, a young Girondin conservative.

Reign of Terror begins

September 5 1793 - July 1794

Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders

The National Convention renounces the ‘constitutional church’ and the Cult of the Supreme Being

September 18 1793

The Great Terror begins

1794

A period of extreme violence during the French Revolution, last weeks of which are sometimes referred to as the Red Terror or Great Terror

Danton executed

5 April 1794

Georges Jacques Danton was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, in particular as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety.

Robespierre executed

28 July 1794

A French lawyer and politician, one of the best known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.