New Nation Timeline By Jessica Simmons

Events

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

Protest of the colonies because the British was excessively taxes. “The Boston Tea Party was a direct protest by colonists in Boston against the Tea Tax that had been imposed by the British government. Boston patriots, dressed as Mohawk Indians, raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped 342 containers of tea into the harbor."
https://www.landofthebrave.info/boston-tea-party.htm

First Continental Congress

September 5th, 1774 - October 26th, 1774

Delegates from each of the 13 colonies except for Georgia (which was fighting a Native-American uprising and was dependent on the British for military supplies) met in Philadelphia as the First Continental Congress to organize colonial resistance to Parliament's Coercive Acts.

Revolutionary War

April 19th, 1775 - September 3rd, 1783

The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain's 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown.

Second Continental Congress

May 5th, 1775

The Second Continental Congress met in 1775, when the Revolutionary war had started

Declaration of Independence

July 4th, 1776

Written by Thomas Jefferson; "It signifies the break from the rule of King George III and from Great Britain. The Declaration of Independence is a symbol of American freedom and independence from British rule."
https://www.surfnetkids.com/independenceday/260/what-is-the-declaration-of-independence/


Articles of Confederation

1777

First form of government in America which made the central government weak and unable to tax the states.

Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

Treaty that ends the Revolutionary War; negotiated between the United States and Great Britain and conducted by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay

Shay's Rebellion

1786 - 1787

Event that showed that the nation needed to have a stronger central government under the Articles of Confederation

Constitution Ratification

December 7th 1787

"Though accepted by the convention, the Constitution had to be ratified by the people of the United States before it could take effect as the law of the land. The framers devised a system by which special state conventions of popularly elected delegates would be created to ratify the Constitution."
http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/statebuilding/section7.rhtml

George Washington's Inauguration

April 30th, 1789

The start of George Washington’s presidency. He changed the political game for America forever by creating Congress, a Cabinet to assist the President, along with other things.

Whiskey Rebellion

1791 - 1794

Tax Hamilton issued on the farmer’s whiskey, making farmers angry. Event showed that the federal government was strong; Hamilton rode horseback along with Washington to the rebelling site

Election of James Adam

1796

Second president of the U.S. He caused a lot of problems towards the people by issuing unnecessary laws like the Alien and Sedition Acts because of his own personal issues. He had a lot of insecurities and anger issues and did not come off as a good president which cost him to lose his second president election.

XYZ Affair

1797 - 1798

Tension between France and U.S which led to the Quasi War because the people in France told us we had to pay to speak to officials.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

1798

Document created by Thomas Jefferson (Ky) and James Madison (Va) in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts; which leads to the nullification theory written by John C. Calhoun. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions helped promote the Republican Party.

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

The Alien acts made it hard for immigrants to become citizens and the Sedition Acts made citizens pay fines if they spoke out against the government. The Alien and Sedition Acts deepened the differences between the Federalists and Republicans.

Election of Thomas Jefferson

February 17th, 1801

Also known as The Election of 1800 and the Jeffersonian Era. He won the presidency against John Adams as the third president of the United States. He did a lot to improve the country during presidency like reduce the size of the army, halted expansion of navy, lowered expenses of social functions, eliminated internal taxes; he also the purchased Louisiana and got Lewis and Clark to explore the land.