The Royal Colonies led to the settlement of the 13 original colonies. The Royal Colonies, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia were split up into separate colony names; New England, Middle and Southern Colonies.
Charles I believed in divine right, while his population disagreed. The disagreement led to the creation, Petition of Rights. The Petition of Right is a major English constitutional document that stated a set of specific liberties that King Charles I is prohibited from disobeying.
Proprietary Colonies were territories granted to the king who gave individual proprietors land to own. There were three proprietary colonies: Maryland, Delaware and Pennsylvania.
The Albany Plan of Union was a plan to place the British colonies under a more centralized government. On July 10, 1754 seven representatives from the colonies adopted the plan. It was never carried out but the Albany Plan served as a model for future attempts at union.
The Stamp Act of 1765 was the first tax directed on American colonists by the British government. The act was imposed when the British was in debt from the Seven Years' War. The act put tax on all paper documents.
The First Continental Congress was created in response to Intolerable Acts. On September 5, 1774, delegates from each of the 13 colonies, except Georgia, met at Philadelphia as the First Continental Congress where they concluded a set of solutions for the right to life liberty, property and the right to tax and make laws.
The Second Continental Congress was a continuation of the First Continental Congress, the same delegates were present. On July 4, 1776 the Second Continental Congress declared independence on Great Britain by signing the Declaration of Independence.
Th Declaration of Independence was signed by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1774. The declaration stated specific ideals that the colonists believed it was important to have, like equality. The Declaration of Independence became a significant landmark in the history of democracy.
On November 15, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, which was the first constitution of the United States. The Articles of Confederation created a weak central government leaving power to the states government. The need for a strong federal government led to the Constitutional Convention in 1787.
The Virginia Plan was a proposal for a bicameral legislative branch by Virginia delegates. James Madison drafted this plan while he waited for the Constitutional Convention to assemble. This plan proposed a strong central government of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.
The New Jersey Plan consisted of 11 solutions as an alternative of the Virginia Plan. This plan was drafted by William Paterson that stated the need for only one house and equal representation, where each state has the same number of representatives. This plan caused the large states to have equal power as small states.
A delegate from Connecticut proposed a two house legislature that consisted of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Senate would have an equal number of representatives from each state and The House of Representatives would include one representative for each 30,000 individuals in a state. This two legislature plan worked for all states and became known as the Great Compromise.
The 3/5 Compromise was a result of taxes being related to land values. The creation of the 3/5 Compromise increased the representation and political power of slave-owning states. Even though the South had an advantage, the Northern states' population grew faster.
The Constitution created America's national government and made laws that guaranteed basic rights for citizens. The Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787 by delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The Constitution has 3 main parts, the Preamble, Articles and Amendments.