Unit V Timeline

Events

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

On this day in 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are shot by a Bosnian-Serb nationalist during their visit to Sarajevo. The killings led to events that led to the outbreak of World War I by August. On June 28, 1919, five years to the day after Franz Ferdinand’s death, Germany and the Allied Powers signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially marking the end of World War I.

Mussolini Launches Fascist Movement

1915

Mussolini begins the Fascist Party to brace those who are war veterans and unemployed. With this, he believed in increasing the military size of Italy, and had more armed squads in neighborhoods called the Black Shirts.

Gallipoli Campaign

February 19 1915 - January 9 1916

This was a failure by the Allied Powers, attempting to control the sea routes that ran from Europe to Russia. This is so Turkey would be out the war, breaking down Germany's allied power. Unfortunately, the campaign ended once the warships weren't able to get around Turkey.

German Resumption of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

1917

This occurred when the Germans recognized the British Isles a place for warfare, where ships from countries not having any issues with Germany, would still get attacked by them. Germany did this to stop America from strengthening their allies for the upcoming war.

Civil War in Russia

1917 - 1922

At this time, lots of people began to oppose Lenin's new Russia. Those against the government were the whites, and believed Lenin's idea of conquering many territories to become communist was unbelievable, causing them to fight against the Bolsheviks.

Bolshevik Revolution

Mar 8 1917 - Nov 7 1917

Lenin began a revolution to overthrow the government. They believed the current government that was provisional, should become proletariat. Lenin took over the government, and changed the entire political power.

Treaty of Brest Litovsk

1918

This treaty was signed to end Russia's involvement in WWI. This included Russia, Germany,Austria, The Ottomans, and Bulgaria. The treaty gave Ukraine, Georgia, and Finland independence from Russia. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia went to Germany and Austria.

Paris Peace Conference

1919 - 1920

This press conference was for the Powers to come to terms, after the Allied Powers beat the Central Powers. Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau, David George, and Vittorio Orlando were all at the meeting to give the Central Powers their dues.

First Meeting of the League of Nations

January 16, 1920

This was an organization in Switzerland, made for those needing peace. This came after WWI, ad was founded by Woodrow Wilson. Even though he created it, America felt as if they didn't need to involve themselves in European conflict.

Lenin's Economic Policy

1921

His policy allowed many small business to sprout, and have lower class men profit from their produce. After their revolt, not much was happening, so the smaller income traders got into the business of trading.

US Stock Market Crash

1929

This occurred because of everyone trading 16 million rations on the exact day, known as Black Tuesday. This is where America began to lead into the Great Depression. This is considered to be one of the longest economic issue recorded.

Civil Disobedience Movement in India

1930

Gandhi starts a march protesting the British on salt. The Indians began to neglect the rules set by the British. Gandhi believed in peaceful protests, leading them to boycotts and not paying their taxes.

Invasion of China by Japan

1931

Kwantung Army of Japan seeked revenge after the Mukden Incident. The Japanese believed that they were intentionally damage public property. Other nations ignored the fact that Japan wanted attention, and the Chinese didn't retaliate.

Sandino is Murdered in Nicaragua

February 23, 1934

After Sacasa was president, Sandino was called over to meet everyone in the National Guard. Unfortunately, he was kidnapped and killed by the Guardsmen.

Stalin's "Great Purge" in USSR

1936 - 1938

600,000 lives were taken away after Stalin was scared of the outsiders, and put millions of people into labor camps in Northern Russia, also Siberia. Those found to be guilty of treason were killed or sentenced to life.

German Anschluss with Austria

1938

Hitler believed if a single country spoke German, then they deserved to be apart of Germany. His eyes were mainly on Austria, but the Treaty of Versailles denies them of joining forces.

Invasion of Poland by Germany

1939

After taking many bombings and beatings, the Polish finally waved the flag in Warsaw to the Germans. The British and France declared war on Germany after invading east Poland.

Soviet Victory at Stalingard

1942 - 1943

With around 150,000 Germans dying, the Soviets defeated the Germans gave Hitler a really bad name, even after everything he has done.This was one of Germany's losses in WWII. After losing this, the Germans didn't advance past Russia.

D-Day Allied invasion at Normandy

1944

Normandy is where the Allied Powers landed, Operation Neptune is one of the longest invasions taken by sea in history. Americans, British, and Canadian forces all landed 50 miles between them.

Capture of Berlin by soviet Forces

1945

This was the last action a European power had in the World war. Two Soviets wanted to see who could reach Berlin first, and who ever entered first would win the war.

Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 5, 1945 - August 9, 1945

During the final points of World War II, the US let go of two nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. President Truman told his people that he would drop the 5 ton bombs on Japan, despite the name it would give the US. This would them end WWII.

Establishment of United Nations

October 24, 1945

The UN came in to save the dying League of Nations. They established the UN to prevent any wars to happen just like the World Wars. The UN has become so successful, that it is still continuing with 193 members. 26 members of the Axis Powers went to Washington DC to sign the Declaration of the UN, agreeing not to peace against them.

Partition of India

1947

The Partition of India was when British India separated with now Pakistan. This was to stop the brutal battles between the Hindus and Muslims. Now the dominant religions are still the way they were in 1947.

Apartheid of South Africa

1948 - 1991

Apartheid of South Africa is when whites were the majority in South Africa. This is a time where the whites had more rights than the Africans. This is where we saw Nelson Mandela lead protests against the government, having him in jail. He then became president after getting out, ending the apartheid of South Africa.

Human Rights Declaration Adopted

1948

This is when the UN held its third ever session, and was held in Paris. 30 signatures were used to sign the Declaration of Human Rights.This was the first time countries came together to end non-human rights.

Creation of Isreal

May 14, 1948

A man named David Ben-Gurion established Israel as a country. He was the head of the Jewish Agency.President Truman also recognized Israel as a state, but the British had control over Palestine. Then, the British issued the Balfour Declaration, meaning the home of the Palestinians is for the Jewish.

Arab-Israeli War

May 15,1948 - March 1949

This was the first war between the two nations, after establishing Israel as a country.This occurred when Arab nations began to invade Israel, defending Palestine, but the Jewish stay strong and announce themselves as a free state.

Established of NATO

April 4, 1949

Including North America, and European territories. This was developed so communism wouldn't spread to the nations. This angered the Soviets and paired with their Eastern allies, and created the Warsaw Pact.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

This is when North Korean army and invaded South Korea, who wasn't communist. North Korea began to destroy South Korea, but the US came and saved South Korea.

Algerian War of Liberation

1954 - 1962

Algeria gained independence from France, after the French were defeated. The French signed a peace agreement to end the seven year Algerian War. Even though there were terrorist acts happening, the French gave Algeria their independence.

French Defeat at Dien Bien Phu

May 7, 1954

Ho Chi Minh's men defeated the French, who held the communist Vietnam for 57 days. This ended the influence of France in Indochina, and began the division of Vietnam.

Establishment of Warsaw Pact

May 14, 1955

This was a response to NATO. This is formally known as a communist group, and opposing America. Signing the Pact shows how dominant Russia was in Eastern Europe.

Uprising in Hungary

1956

A revolt against the Marxist-Leninist government of the Hungarian People's Republic (HPR) and its Soviet policies, going from October 23 until November 10, 1956. Considered by many as the nation's biggest tragedy.

Suez Crisis

1956

Israeli forces invaded Egypt toward the Suez Canal after the Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the canal. The Suez Crisis, was an invasion of Egypt by Israel.

Great Leap Forward in China

1958 - 1961

The Communist Party of China lead by Mao Zedong, transformed China into a society that can compete with other powerful nations.It eventually failed after 3 years.

Castro Comes to Power in Cuba

1959

Castro established the first communist country in the Western Hemisphere after overthrowing dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959. He ruled Cuba for 50 years, until he had no choice but to give his power to his younger brother.

Sino-Soviet Rift

1960 - 1989

This is when the relations between China and the Soviets weakened. Mao Zedong decided to end relations with the Soviet's after finding about about their working class being under Marxism

Construction of the Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961

The Berlin Wall was up to separate those migrating from East Germany to West Germany as they were a much free state. East Germany had influences of the Soviet's, almost considering them as communist.

US Troops in Vietnam

1965 - 1973

The United States in the Vietnam War began after World War II and became known as the Vietnam War.The U.S. stayed in South Vietnam for around 20 years. Also 58,318 US soldiers dead. The other troops were taken after Nixon believed the job was done

Iran-Iraq War

1980 - 1988

The war that disconnected the region and destroyed both countries. Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein said his reason for the invasion was an argument on who gets Shatt al-Arab, as it borders Iran and Iraq.

Camp Established at Guantánamo Bay

2002

This was a United States military prison located in Cuba. Some didn't even get trial, and weren't given human rights.Many inmates were also tortured down to their bones.

Terrorist Attack on London Subway

July 7, 2005

The bombs on the subway trains interfered with the regular days of the British, and 29 people were injured. These bombs were put in Friday morning, and were ready to detonate during rush hour. Mohammed Sidique Khan and two others were arrested.