Ancient and Classical Timeline

Middle East

Neolithic revolution first emerges and spreads

8000 B.C.E.

Tigris-Euphrates civilization established

4000 B.C.E.

Egyptian civilization established

3000 B.C.E.

Introduction of iron work

1400 B.C.E.

Jews settle near Mediterranean

1200 B.C.E.

First Jewish diaspora, caused by Assyrian conquest

722 B.C.E.

Achaemenid Persian Empire

550 B.C.E. - 330 B.C.E.

Birth of Jesus Christ

0 B.C.E.

End of Jewish state in Roman empire

70 C.E.

Reign of Constantine

306 C.E. - 312 C.E.

END OF CLASSICAL ERA

600 CE

South Asia

Indus River Valley civilization established

2500 B.C.E

Vedic Age

1500 B.C.E. - 1000 B.C.E.

Rise and Fall of Mauryan Civilization

322 BCE - 232 BCE

Years of Ashoka's rule

269 BCE - 232 BCE

Rise and fall of Buddhism

200 BCE - 200 CE

Rise and fall of Gupta empire

319 CE - 535 CE

END OF CLASSICAL ERA

600 CE

East Asia

Shang civilization established

1500 BCE

Zhou dynasty

1029 BCE - 258 BCE

Qin dynasty

221 BCE - 202 BCE

Han dynasty

202 BCE - 220 CE

END OF CLASSICAL ERA

600 CE

Europe

Rise of Greece

800 BCE - 470 BCE

Roman republic established

509 BCE

Battle of Therompylae

480 BCE

Greece's "golden age"

470 BCE - 430 BCE

Phillip of Macedonia's conquest of Greece

338 BCE

Alexander the Great's conquests

338 BCE - 323 BCE

Hellenistic period

300 BCE - 100 BCE

Roman defeat of Greece

146 BCE

Julius Caeser's rule

49 BCE - 44 BCE

Caesar Augustus's rule

27 BCE - 14 CE

Roman Empire

27 BCE - 476 CE

Roman empire begins to decline

180 CE

END OF CLASSICAL ERA

600 CE

Americas

Olmec civilization established

1400 BCE

Chavin civilization established

900 BCE

Chavin Civilization, South America

900 BCE - 200 BCE

Olmec civilization spreads, Mesoamerica

800 BCE - 400 BCE

Establishment of Maya city-states, Mesoamerica

250 BCE

Establishment of Teotihuacan, Mesoamerica

100 BCE

Moche civilizations, South America

200 CE - 700 CE

Establishment of Cahokia civilization, North America

600 CE

END OF CLASSICAL ERA

600 CE

Peak of Chaco culture, North America

900 CE - 1150 CE