Originally it stated,"I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all"
Pledge was published
September 8, 1892
Added extra elements to the original pledge
The words "the Flag of the United States of America" was added.
Minersville School District v. Gobitas
April 25, 1940 - June 3, 1940
Lillian and William Gobitas didn't salute the flag because they are children of Jehovah's Witnesses. In result of that act, they got expelled from the public schools of Minersville, Pennsylvania. The Court ruled that everybody must salute the flag because it was an important symbol of national unity.
West Virginia State Board of Education vs. Barnette
March 11, 1943 - June 14, 1943
The West Virginia State Board of Education requires all students to salute the flag during all activities in all public schools. Refusal to salute the flag, will result in in "insubordination" and is punishable by expulsion and charges of delinuency.
Added "under God"
1954 - Present
In response to Communist threat times, President Eisenhower pushed Congress to add the words, "under God" which is the 31-word pledge that we still say today.
Engle v. Vitale
June 25 1962
The court, by a 5-2 ruling, struck down New York State's law requiring school officials to open the school day with prayer. This case was one of the first in a series of cases in which a variety of religious activities were found to violate the Establishment Clause.