History of pledge of allegiance


The Pledge of Allegiance was published

September 8, 1892

The pledge was first recited in unison

October 12, 1892

School flag laws passed in 19 states


"Of America" was added to the pledge

1923 - 1924

The pledge changed from "my flag" to "the flag"


Student had to say the pledge and salute at school


Minersville School District V. Gobitis. Jehovah Witnesses had religious objections against saying the pledge and saluting the flag.

Right arm changed to right hand over heart


The government accepted the Pledge


People can't be forced to say the pledge


West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette. First Amendment protected students from saying the pledge and saluting the flag.

"The Pledge of Allegiance" became the official title

June 14, 1945

"Under God' is added to the pledge


Students are required to stand during the pledge


Lipp v. Morris. Laws saw students have to stand while reciting the pledge.

Students have to listen to the pledge everyday

October 5, 2012

They are not forced to say the pledge

"Under God" is meant as a patriotic exercise

May 9, 2014

Is not against atheists