Medicine in the 1600's-1900's

Events

1658: red blood cell first observed

1658

The first person to describe red blood cells was the young Dutch biologist Jan Swammerdam, who had used an early microscope in 1658 to study the blood of a frog.

1665:First blood transfusion attemtpted

1665

William Harvey discovered the circulation. he first recorded successful blood transfusion occurs in England: Physician Richard Lower keeps dogs alive by transfusion of blood from other dogs. 1656 Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions

1796:Jenner created the first successful vaccine

1796

On May 14, 1796, Jenner took fluid from a cowpox blister and scratched it into the skin of James Phipps, an eight-year-old boy. A single blister rose up on the spot, but James soon recovered. On July 1, Jenner inoculated the boy again, this time with smallpox matter, and no disease developed. The vaccine was a success.

1800: Laughing gas is created

1800

Humphry Davy , a British chemist and inventor, described how nitrous oxide (laughing gas) has anesthetic properties

1816: Stethoscope is created

1816

Rene Laennec, a French doctor, invented the stethoscope

1842: Anesthesia is used

1842

Crawford Long , an American pharmacist and surgeon, recognized as the first doctor to have used inhaled ether anesthesia on a patient for a surgical procedure

1853:The syringe was invented

1853

An Irish physician named Francis Rynd invented the hollow needle and used it to make the first recorded subcutaneous injections in 1844.

1895: X ray's are produced

1895

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range; what we call today Röntgen rays or X-rays

1897: Aspirin was invented

1897

Felix Hoffmann, a German chemist, produced a stable form of acetylsalicylic acid, more commonly known as aspirin. Hoffmann, was searching for something to relieve his father's arthritis.

1901: Human blood types

1901

Karl Landsteiner identified the presence of agglutinins in blood and developed the modern system of classifying blood groups

1937: First blood bank

1937

Cook County Hospital in Chicago establishes the first blood bank.

1985: DNA fingerprinting

1985

DNA profiling is when specific DNA pattern (profile) is obtained from a person or sample of body fluid