Collapse of Soviet Union

Events

Soviet Union is born by Vladimir Lenin

1917

Joseph Stalin comes into power of Soviet Union

1924

The state exercised totalitarian control over the economy and also controlled every aspect of political and social life. People who dared to argue against Stalin’s policies were arrested and sent to labor camps or executed.

Joseph Stalin dies

1953

Soviet leaders got rid of his brutal policies but maintained the Communist party's power. They mostly focused on the Cold War with Western powers, engaging in a very expensive and destructive “arms race” with the United States, using the force of their military to suppress anticommunism and to spread it to Eastern Europe.

Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of Soviet Union

1985

First revolution of 1989, took place in Poland.

1989

Non-Communist trade unionists in the Solidarity movement negotiated with the Communist government for freer elections and were successful. This sparked peaceful revolutions throughout Eastern Europe.

Collapse of Berlin Wall

Nov 1989

Due to Gorbachev’s decision to loosen the policies in Soviet Union.

Leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus sign agreement setting up Commonwealth of Independent States.

Approx. 1991

Independent states start initiating due to the Soviet Union deteriorating at a fast rate.

Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of Soviet Union.

December 1991

This left Boris Yeltsin as the new president of the newly independent Russian state.

Soviet Union disintegrates

January 1992

The Soviet Union ceased to exist as Russia separated into 15 different independent states.