Spain officially declares war on the United States. There is some discrepancy about the original date.
-President McKinley instructs his cabinet to make preparations for the occupation the Philippines.
-George Dewey leads the first official attack on Manila Bay. United States Victory.
Generalissimo Emilio Aguinaldo, along with other Filipino leaders, sign the Proclamation of Independence.
Volunteers soldiers from many Midwestern states enlist to fight Spanish.
U.S. soldiers defeat Spanish troops in Cuba
U.S. troops begin to leave Cuba, the primary site of the Spanish-American war, signifying the coming of resolution.
Volunteers from the 13th Minnesota take part in invasion of Manila.
Filipino Army (who control suburbs) kept out of city by U.S. soldiers.
Spanish Commander quickly surrenders (surrender had been arranged prior to battle, unbeknownst to rank and file soldiers). This is the final battle of the Spanish American War
The Malolos Congress is convened to lay the legal and constitutional foundations for what is to become the First Philippine Republic.
McKinley orders U.S. troops to take control of the Philippine island of Luzon.
President McKinley orders that U.S. troops secure the entirity of the Philippine islands
A formal treaty is signed in Paris between Spain and the United States, with the U.S. the winner. We acquire
the Philippines, among others.
President McKinley orders a thorough investigation of the conditions of the islands to determine coming actions.
Generalissimo Emilio Aguinaldo formally proclaims the establishment of the First Philippine Republic at Malolos in Bulacan province
U.S. sentries shoot and kill 4 Filipino troops at Santa Mesa bridge. This incident marks the beginning of the Philippine-American War. Out of a population of about 6 million, Filipinos lost an estimated 400,000 to 600,000 lives in the conflict. American losses were approximately
With one vote to spare beyond the required two-thirds majority, the U.S. Senate votes to annex the Philippines.
Protestant missionaries begin arriving in the Philippines.
U.S. soldiers, who had volunteered to fight the Spaniards, become disaffected with the war, horrified that they have been ordered to wage war with Filipinos. Letters sent to their families back home turn the tide of American sentiment against the war. Filipino soldiers wage a dogged guerilla war despite a shortage of weapons, but American troops easily conquer village after village. In the remote countryside, popular resistance continues.
-The Philippines officially declares war on the United States.
Philippine leaders assassinate General Antonio Luna, a major strategic force for the U.S.
U.S. declares victory in Philippine-American War. Filipino resistance continues until 1910
Aguinaldo admits takeover by the United States and swears allegiance to the new imperial power.
Aguinaldo issues a formal surrender to the United States, declaring no more fighting would take place.
General Frederick Funston, his troops, and a band of converted Filipinos fool Aguinaldo and capture him
Emilio Aguinaldo surrenders to the United States, who here officially win the war
It's likely that Simeon Ola of the Bicol region was the las Filipino General to formally surrender to U.S. power.