Church History

Events

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

After being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead. It is the central tenet of Christian theology and part of the Nicene Creed: "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".

The Ascension

Approx. 33 AD

Is the departure of Christ from Earth into the presence of God in heaven.

Paul's conversion

Approx. 35 AD

As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?" "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting," he replied.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

According to the Acts of Paul, Nero condemned Paul to death by decapitation. Eusebius of Caesarea in his Church History (320 AD) testifies that Paul was beheaded in Rome.

Peter is Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter was crucified in Rome under Emperor Nero Augustus Caesar. It is traditionally told that he was crucified upside down at his own request since he saw himself unworthy to be crucified in the same way as Jesus.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan was a letter signed by the Roman emperors Constantine and Licinius, that proclaimed religious toleration in the Roman Empire. In 313 the letter was issued. externally, the church faced an even greater threat - the hostile power from the Roman state, it was realized that Christianity was triumphing over all other religions.

The Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Mark establishes early in his Gospel that Jesus is indeed the very Son of God as we see Jesus baptized by John the Baptist. When Jesus came up from the water, immediately the heavens opened, the Holy Spirit descended on Jesus, and the voice of God the Father spoke from heaven saying, “You are my beloved Son; with you, I am well pleased” (Mark 1:9–11). These verses show clearly that the One True God of the Bible exists as three persons God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

The book mark was written for a gentile auidence to explain the jewish tradations.

Jesus is portrayed as the son of God who will save us from sin.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

The Gospel according to Matthew is not simply stringing together events and events that present Jesus teaching valuable and true things. Beyond this, the Gospel portrays the unity of Jesus' whole life.

The book of Matthew was written for a Christian audience living within the immediate proximity of the homeland itself. Matthew's is the most Jewish of all the gospels.

The Gospel According to St Matthew begins with the verse, "The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham" (Mt 1:1). From this first verse of his gospel, Matthew begins his purpose. He has written to show Jesus to be the promised Messiah

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Jesus states the message of Luke to the global church today. Christ did not come for the clean and the religious, the upright and the educated—he came for those who know themselves to be lost. Throughout Luke we see Jesus welcoming outsiders into the blessings of grace, while those who appear to be insiders are shut out.

Jesus is portrayed in the book of Luke, Luke depicts Jesus in his short-lived ministry as deeply compassionate — caring for the poor, the oppressed, and the marginalized of that culture, such as Samaritans, Gentiles, and women. Whereas Matthew traces Jesus' genealogy to Abraham, father of the Jewish people, Luke goes back to Adam, parent of us all.

Luke's gospel is clearly written more for a gentile audience. Luke is traditionally thought of as one of Paul's traveling companions and it's certainly the case that the author of Luke was from those Greek cities in which Paul had worked.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

The Gospel of John is written ot everyone. Traditionally, Christians have identified the author as "the Disciple whom Jesus loved" mentioned in John 21:24, who is understood to be John son of Zebedee, one of Jesus' Twelve Apostles

The message in the Gospel of John is to show that Jesus of Nazareth was Christ, the Son of God and that believers in him might have eternal life. This purpose was one that John had in common with the men who wrote the Synoptic Gospels, but his method for achieving it distinguishes his gospel from the earlier ones.

Council

The council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

It was occasioned by the insistence of certain Judaic Christians from Jerusalem that Gentile Christians from Antioch in Syria obey the Mosaic custom of circumcision. A delegation, led by the Apostle Paul and his companion Barnabas, was appointed to confer with the elders of the church in Jerusalem.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council of the Christian church, meeting in ancient Nicaea. It was called by emperor Constantine I, who presided over the opening session and took part in the discussions. He hoped a general council of the church would solve the problem created in the Eastern church by Arianism, a first proposal by Arius of Alexandria affirmed that Christ is not divine but a created being.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

Council of Constantinople, the second ecumenical council of the Christian church, summoned by the emperor Theodosius I, meeting in Constantinople. it adopted what became known as the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed (commonly referred to as the Nicene Creed), which effectively affirmed and developed the creed earlier promulgated at the Council of Nicaea in 325 (Creed of Nicaea). The Nicene Creed, was not an intentional enlargement of the Creed of Nicaea but an independent document based on a baptismal creed already in existence. The Council of Constantinople also declared finally the Trinitarian doctrine of the equality of the Holy Spirit with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

In 431 Pope Celestine I commissioned Cyril, patriarch of Alexandria, to conduct proceedings against Nestorius, his longtime adversary, who of two Persons in Christ the Pope had previously condemned. When the Eastern bishops arrived and learned that the council was summoned by Emperor Theodosius II had been started without them, they set up a rival synod under John of Antioch and excommunicated Memnon, bishop of Ephesus, along with Cyril. When Pope Celestine pronounced his excommunication of Nestorius and ratified his deposition as bishop of Constantinople, the Emperor abandoned his neutral position and sided with Cyril, as a rebuke to the rebels. The council also made the Church of Cyprus independent of the see of Antioch.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

the fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in Chalcedon (modern Kadiköy, Tur.) Convoked by emperor Marcian, was attended by 520 bishops or their representatives and was the largest and best-documented of the early councils. It approved the creed of Nicaea, the creed of Constantinople subsequently known as the Nicene Creed.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

the event that precipitated the final separation between the Eastern Christian churches (led by the patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius) and the Western church (led by Pope Leo IX). The mutual excommunications by the pope and the patriarch that year became a watershed in church history. The excommunications were not lifted until 1965, when Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I, following their historic meeting in Jerusalem in 1964, presided over simultaneous ceremonies that revoked the excommunication decrees.

st. Luke the evanglist ---- my saint

born/ died

Approx. 30 DC - 84 AD

born - Antioch, Syria year not known

died - near Boeotia, Greece

canonization

84 ce - Approx. 100 ce

1st century canonization

patronages

1200 ad

artists, physicians, bachelors, surgeons, students and butchers
not actual date

symbols

1200 ad

He is often shown with an ox or a calf to represent the sacrifice that Jesus died for us
not actual date

st. Damien de veuster

patron

1200

he is the patron of lepers
not actual date

symbols

1200

He is usually shown with him holding a cross and or paper

born/died

1840 - Approx. 1890

born January 3
died april 15 in Hawaii

Beatfied

1995

he was beatfied by Pope John Paul II

canoization

2009

canonized by Pope Benedict the XVI

St. Elisabeth Ann Seton

Patron

1200

patron saint of catholic schools

symbols

1200

a pink flower, books, catholic school, rosarys, a bible and wheat

Born/died

1773 - 1821

born 2 years befor the revolution
died at age 46

beatification

1963

beatified by Pope John XXIII on march 17

Canonization

1975

canonized on September 14 by Pope Paul VI