Church History

Events

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

The resurrection is when Jesus was crucified he rose again from the dead. When the apostles saw him they were astonished by what had happened. Many say this is proof that Jesus is the son of God, and God in human form.

The Ascension

33 AD

On the fortieth day after Jesus rose from the dead, he ascended into heaven. When he rose he took his body, and his soul into heaven and took seat at the right hand of the father.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

When Saint Paul was on his way to the city of Damascus, he went to go capture Christians, who were at the time being persecuted by him and taken back to Jerusalem. When they were near the city him and his soldiers saw a bright light and Paul fell over. A voice from the sky said, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?" Paul then could not see for three days, and later became christian.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

This was a delegation led by the apostle Paul, his companion Barnabas also helped. This was a conference of Christians in Jerusalem, that declared that gentile Christians did not have to observe the Mosaic law.

Paul Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Nobody really knows how Paul died. We do know that he died a martyr, believing in his faith.

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD
  1. The message in the Gospel of Mark is the Jesus, the son of God has come to Earth.

2.It was written to a Gentile audience.
3. Jesus is portrayed as someone who suffers/experiences a full range of
emotions

Peter Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Peter died much like Paul. He believed in his faith until his death.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD
  1. It was written for Greek Gentiles 2.It message was the all people had to act/mirror Jesus' actions 3.Jesus is portrayed as a compassionate and forgiving person

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD
  1. Its message was that Jewish Christians didn't know if Jesus was the messiah, it was also used to connect the two communities to some degree. 2.It was written for Jewish people converting to Christianity 3.Jesus is seen as a reflective teacher.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD
  1. This gospel is written for everyone 2.Its message focused mainly on the Mystery of the Incarnation, and that Jesus is one with the father, and Jesus is the son of God and part of the trinity 3.Jesus is seen as the son of God because of the miracles he performed

Edict of Milan

313 AD

This was a proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for the religion of Christianity. This was a political agreement that was established in Milan, between the Roman emperors, Constantine I and Licinius in February 313"

Council of Nicea

325 AD

This was the first ecumenical council of the Christian church. They met in ancient Nicaea. This council was called by the emperor Constantine. It created the Niceno-Constantinopolitan creed.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This was the second ecumenical council of the Christian church. It was called by the emperor Theodosius I, and met in Constantinople. This council declared the Trinitarian doctrine of equality, of the holy spirit with the father and the son.

The Council of Ephesus

431 AD

This was the third council, it was a council held by Christian preists held in Ephesus, which was near present day turkey. This council was held to attain a consensus in the church; through an assembly in Christendom. The result of this council was that, they confirmed that the "Nicene Creed and and title Theotokos for Mary as a legitimate title based on the creed. They also condemned Nestorianism and excommunicated all those bishops who did not hold to the council’s decision." (Challies, 7 ecumenical councils)

The Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

This was the fourth ecumenical council of the christian church, it was held in Chalcedon and convoked by the emperor Marcian, and approved of the creed of Nicea, and the Creed of Constantinople. The result of this council was "Dioscorus was tried, found guilty of abusing his priestly authority (most specifically at the Second Council of Ephesus), and defrocked. The council then prepared and affirmed a confession which denied a single nature of Christ and reaffirmed that he has two natures—a human and a divine" (Challies, 7 Councils)

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

This was known as the Schism of 1054, or the Eastern and Western Schism. The main event that made the Schism happen was the break of communion with what are now currently Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. This event precipitated the last separation of the Western and Eastern churches.

Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774

Birth: August 28, 1774
Death: January 4, 1821
Beautification: March 17, 1963
Canonization: September 14, 1975
Patronages: Bakers, countesses, death of children, falsely accused
Symbols: Pink flower, a book, schools.
Stories: A nun had acute lymphocytic leukemia. At the time the disease was considered incurable and no therapy or "medication" could help. She prayed to Elizabeth Ann Seton and her disease was cured, this contributed towards Elizabeth being canonized, because it counted as a miracle

Bishop John Neumann

1811

Birth date: 1811
Death date: 1860
Beatification date: October 13, 1963
Canonization date: June 19, 1977
Patronages: Catholic education
Symbols: Coat of arms, Rosary
Stories: When he was moving to the US, he moved to new york, and came off of the ship with only 1 dollar. Later he did become the Bishop of Philadelphia, and was loved with the people.

Katherine Drexel

November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955

Beautification date: 1988
Canonization date: 2,000
Patronages: Racial justice, philanthropists
Symbols: Her medallion, and her Catholic church
Stories: Drexel was raised as a young heiress in Philadelphia. She was also educated at her home and traveled the United states often. Katherine Drexel was very aware of the problems faced by African and Native Americans. Since she was very wealthy, Katherine gave away much of her wealth to these groups and helped them often.