Early Church History Timeline

The Events of Jesus

The Ascension

33 AD

The Ascension occurred when Jesus arose into heaven. This important event started at Pentecost. Pentecost is the celebration of the appearance of the Holy Spirit to the disciples.

Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

The Resurrection of Jesus was the event where Jesus rose from the dead. Jesus died to save us from sin. This occurred in 33 AD. This also allowed the first Church community to be created.

Martyrs

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

Before his conversion, Paul was named Saul. Saul was also a persecutor of the christians. Saul converted to Christianity when Jesus came upon Saul and said, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me.” Jesus gives Saul the name of Paul and he becomes the most relentless, brilliantly bold missionary of Jesus.

Paul is Martyred in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Before Paul was killed, he was imprisoned in Rome for two years. In 65 AD, Paul was beheaded because of his strong faith in Jesus. (http://biblehub.com/library/killen/the_ancient_church/chapter_x_pauls_second_imprisonment.htm)

Peter is Martyred in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Saint Peter was the first Pope. Peter was crucified upside down. This cruel action was done to him due to him preaching the word of God.

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

The Gospel of Mark was the first of the Gospels. The audience of this Gospel was the Gentiles. The Gentiles are the individuals who did not have a Jewish background. In the Gospel of Mark Jesus is always traveling and preaching the word of God. The Gospel of Mark also describes Jesus as someone who experienced pain, suffering, and emotion. This Gospel was written to make sure that the story of Jesus would not be lost.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

The Gospel of Matthew was written for the Jewish Christians in Palestine. This Gospel was written because the Jewish Christians were not sure if Jesus was the Messiah that the scripture had described. In result of their uncertainty, Matthew wrote a Gospel discussing Jesus’ origin and connection to the Old Testament.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

The Gospel of Luke is the third gospel of the bible. This Gospel’s audience is the Greek Gentiles. The Gospel of Luke was written to teach the Gentiles how to live a Christian life. In this gospel, Jesus is portrayed as a compassionate and forgiving person.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

The Gospel of John is the final Gospel. This gospel was written for everyone. During the time of John, the gentile Christians were arguing with the Jewish christian community. In this Gospel, John tries to explain that all Christians believe in Jesus.

Popes

Pope Saint Peter

32 AD - 67 AD

Pope Saint Peter helped spread the word of God to the christian Gentiles. Peter also baptized many people. Pope Saint Peter was crucified upside down for performing these good deeds.

Pope Saint Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

No information was found.

Pope Saint Anacletus

76 AD - 88 AD

No information was found.

Pope St. Clement I

88 AD - 97 AD

No information was found.

Pope Saint Evaristus

97 AD - 105 AD

No information was found.

The Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

The Council of Jerusalem was a rule set for the Gentiles. The Council of Jerusalem says that the Gentile converters did not have to observe the Mosaic Law.

Council of Nicaea

325

During the time of the Council of Nicaea, there was an argument that God was above the Holy Spirit and Jesus. The Council decided that God and Jesus were apart of the Trinity and were all equal. This Council also discussed the Nicene Creed and adopted it. (http://catholicresources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Constantinople

381

The event of the Council of Constantinople occurred in 381 AD. This Council was resolved the argument of if the Holy spirit was equal with God and Jesus. Some believed that the Holy Spirit was a prophet of God and is a lower status than God. The Council made the decision that the Holy Spirit was equal with God and is apart of the Holy Spirit. (http://catholicresources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Ephesus

431

The Council of Ephesus took place in the year 431 AD in Ephesus. The dispute of this council was about Mary. Some thought that calling Mary, Mary the Mother of God, was a dishonor to Jesus’ humanity. Others thought that if Jesus was both Divine and Human, Mary could be called the Mother of God. The council decided that Mary could be called the Mother of God because Jesus was God and Human, therefore she could be called the Mother of God.
(http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Chalcedon

451

In 451 AD, the Council of Chalcedon took place. This Council experienced the disagreement of if Jesus was both Human and Divine. The decision was that Jesus is Divine and Human. This is because he is God and he can not be confined by anything including nature.

(http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Constantinople II

553

In this Council, in which took place in 553 AD, many people were not understanding decision of the decisions made in the previous Councils. For instance, others were saying that Jesus was not equal with God and nor is he God. This Council reassured the people that the previous councils were the true statement and the Jesus was equally Divine with God because he is God.
(http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Constantinople III

680 - 681

In the years 680 AD through 681 AD, the Council of Constantinople III was called. The argument was if Jesus’ will was Divine or Human or both. The Council came to order that Jesus was both Divine and Human along with his will.
(http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Council of Nicaea II

787

uncil of Nicaea II 787 AD
The Council of Nicaea II was held in 787 AD. The issue was that people thought that the images inside the Church were unnecessary and should be taken down. Some people thought this because the images could be a distraction from the Mass and praying. The Council decided that the right decision was to keep the images.

(http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm)

Edicts

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan takes place in 313 AD, when the Roman Empire was persecuting the Christians because they thought the Christians wanted to dominate over all other religions. The Edict of Milan resolves most of the persecution. Constantinople, a Western Roman emperor who was a converted Christian, made and agreement with the emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman empire. They agreed on a policy that allowed religious tolerance. After this Christianity, became the dominate religion of the Roman Empire.

Schism

Eastern and Western Schism

1054 AD

The Eastern and Western Schism was an event that occurred in 1054 AD. During this time, many people were becoming very angry with the Catholic Church. The debate was over who the true leader of the Church should be. The decision was that the Pope should be the leader, as it was in the past. In result of this, many people broke away from the Catholic Church to start their own.
(https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism)

Saints

Saint Elizabeth of Hungary

July 7, 1207 - November 17, 1231

Elizabeth of Hungary was a princess of Hungary that was born in 1207 to King Andrew II. In her life, she completed great deeds of kindness including giving to poor and needy, serving the ill, and even giving others her prized possessions from her beautiful palace. These acts of kindness allowed her to be canonized on May 27, 1235, four years after her death. Although she does not have a beatification date because of the process that was in place at the time. Elizabeth is the patronage of beggars, bakers, and charities. Some of her special symbols are a model of a hospital, a robe full of roses, and roses. (catholiconline.org)

Saint Marianne Cope

January 23, 1838 - August 9, 1918

Marianne Cope is was born in Germany on January 23, 1838. Marianne is mostly known for caring for the lepers in Hawaii. One of her miracles is that she never obtained the deadly disease though the power of God. Marianne Cope was beatified on May 14, 2005 and was canonized on October 21, 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI. She is the patron saint of lepers, outcasts, and the islands of Hawaii. (CatholicOnline.org)

Saint Katherine Drexel

November 26, 1856 - March 3, 1955

Katherine Drexel was born on November 26, 1856 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is known for giving so many her and her family's possessions away, that they even became upset with her being generousness. Katherine was beatified on November 20, 1988 and was canonized on October 1, 2000 by Pope John Paul II. She is the second American born saint to be canonized. Katherine Drexel is the patron saint of racial justice. (catholiconline.org)