Reconstruction Timeline

Events

The 13th Amendment

1865

The 13th Amendment abolished slavery everywhere in the United States.  The 13th amendment angered multiple southerns and created the following events in this timeline.

Civil War Ends & Reconstruction Begins

January 1, 1865

Ku Klux Klan

January 3, 1865

The Ku Klux Klan (“KKK”) was a terrorist group who opposed African American rights.  THey used violence and intimidation to keep blacks from voting in the south.  This violated the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments that gave African Americans their rights and citizenship.

Black Codes

January 4, 1865

The black codes discriminated against african American and laws were passed that limited their right to vote.

Feedman's Bureau

January 5, 1865

The Freedman’s Bureau was created to override Johnson's vetoes and gave the opportunity to former slaves to have food, clothes, education, insurance, and jobs for them, without discrimination against them because of their color/ race.

Civil Rights Act of 1866

1866

The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was created so that the southern states couldn’t enact the black codes that limited the rights of African Americans in the south.

Radical Republicans gain control of congress

1866

Republicans outraged by the !3th amendment take control of congress and try to violate african american rights.  Leading for the need of the 14th amendment.

14th Amendment

1868

The 14th Amendment was created to give African Americans full citizenship and it also allowed equal protection for all citizens under the law.  This meant that no African American citizen could be deprived of life, liberty, and property without due process.

Civil Rights Act of 1870

1870

The Civil Rights Act of 1870 was created to give more power to the president to enforce the amendments.

15th Amendment

February 3 1870

The 15th Amendment gave African American the right the vote and made sure that states did not deprive them of this important right.

Civil Rights Act of 1875

1875

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 ensured the equal rights for African Americans.  The Civil Rights Act of 1875, though, later in 1883, was deemed unconstitutional.

Jim Crow Laws

1877

The south regained control of itself and removed federal troops, which lead the African American to the violence of the KKK’s.  They passed poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses to keep African American from using their right to vote.  All of this lead to segregation, formed into the Jim Crow Laws.

Reconstruction ends

December 19, 1877

President Hayes is elected