AP European History Hub Dates Timeline

Events

Gutenberg's invention of the movable printing press

1445

Germany

Beginning of the age of literacy

1445

Italy, Germany, France and Spain suffer from Pestilence

1445

fatal epidemic disease

Last English territory in France falls

1450

The Sudor Anglicus breaks out in the army of Earl of Richmond

1485

sweating sickness

End of Reconquista

1487

Bartholomew Dias sails around the Cape of Good Hope

1487

Portuguese explorer

Beginning of The Age of Exploration

1487

continued into the early 17th century

Columbus discovers America

1492

Funded by Spanish rulers, Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand

Jews expelled from Spain

1492

forced to convert to Catholicism. Ends 750 year battle to expel Muslims from Spain. This marks the end of religious toleration in Spain and the beginning of monarchs using religion to solidify their power

Beginning of world wide trade and Columbian Exchange

1492

Beginning of Reformation

1517

The sweating sickness rages again in England

1517

Martin Luther writes Ninety Five Theses

1517

nailed them to door of the church on 10/31/1517. Started the Reformation (Germany)

End of Catholic dream of a Catholic Europe.

1588

End of dominance of Catholicism

England defeats Spanish Armada

1588

King Philip II sent the Spanish Armada to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I, and was defeated by the English.

End of religious wars in Europe

1648

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Ends the 30 Years War ( 1618-1648) - religious war between the Protestants and Catholics in Europe.

The sweating sickness rages for the last time in London.

1651

Isaac Newton publishes Principia

1687

mathematical principles and natural philosphy

Beginning of Modern Scientific Era

1687

End of Absolutism and the beginning of constitutional monarchy in England

1687

The Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

The overthrow of King James II of England, who also ran Scotland and Ireland. Was overthrown by his people and the Dutch because of his religion, and his ignorance of the people of England.

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Was the first world war that involved all the world powers at the time. Were fighting over colonial and trade interests.

Candide by Voltaire

1759

published

Rosseau (Social Contract publ. 1762)

1762 - 1763

Spinning Jenny invented

1765

spinning wheel

Beginning of The Industrial Revolution

1765

The Wreath of Nations

1776

published by Adam Smith (Scotland) - describes what builds nations' wealth

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Beginning of The Age of Liberalism and Nationalism

1789

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Major European rulers met to discuss new territories and ownership - established a new balance of power.

End of Napoleonic War period

1815

sets up 100 years of European peace

Communist Manifesto Published

1848

commoners fight for democracy/liberty

Political Liberalism is expressed in many European countries

1848

Year of Revolutions

February 23, 1848 - 1849

located throughout Europe

Austro Sardinian War

1859

Compromise of 1867

1867

Established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary

Franco - Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Started by Bismarck to unify Germany

Scramble for Africa

1870 - 1914

Almost all of Africa was colonized by European nations

Unified Italy

1871

Final End of the Holy Roman Empire

1871

new Germany

Unification of Germany (1871)

1871

End of World War 1

1914 - 1918

Gallipoli

April 25, 1915 - January 9, 1916

Unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War 1

March and November Revolutions

1917

Took place in Russia against the Czar

Treat of Versailles with Germany

June 28 1919

End of The Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Cold War

1945 - 1991

Beginning of Nuclear Age

1945

World War II ends

1945

Yalta Conference

February 1945

Atomic bombing of Japan

Fall of Communism

1989

Berlin Wall Falls

1989

Germany

Former Soviet satellite countries separate from U.S.S.R.

1989

Fall of Soviet Union

1991

End of Cold War

1991

Beginning of modern European Union

1991

Treaty of Maastricht

1991

undertaken to integrate Europe