fatal epidemic disease
continued into the early 17th century
Funded by Spanish rulers, Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand
forced to convert to Catholicism. Ends 750 year battle to expel Muslims from Spain. This marks the end of religious toleration in Spain and the beginning of monarchs using religion to solidify their power
nailed them to door of the church on 10/31/1517. Started the Reformation (Germany)
End of dominance of Catholicism
King Philip II sent the Spanish Armada to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I, and was defeated by the English.
Ends the 30 Years War ( 1618-1648) - religious war between the Protestants and Catholics in Europe.
mathematical principles and natural philosphy
The overthrow of King James II of England, who also ran Scotland and Ireland. Was overthrown by his people and the Dutch because of his religion, and his ignorance of the people of England.
Was the first world war that involved all the world powers at the time. Were fighting over colonial and trade interests.
published by Adam Smith (Scotland) - describes what builds nations' wealth
Major European rulers met to discuss new territories and ownership - established a new balance of power.
sets up 100 years of European peace
commoners fight for democracy/liberty
located throughout Europe
Established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
Started by Bismarck to unify Germany
Almost all of Africa was colonized by European nations
Unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War 1
Took place in Russia against the Czar
Atomic bombing of Japan
undertaken to integrate Europe