Inadvertently discovered somewhere in Fertile Crescent by consumption of fermented cereal grains.
First Signs of Agriculture
Began in Fertile Cresent as a result of the desire to increase the supply of wheat to make beer.
Clay tokens were utilized to ensure villagers were paying their dues to the storehouse.
Unison of Villages in Mesopotamia
Villages amalgamated into larger cities for security.
The first forms of writing are dated back to 3400 BC in the form of myths.
Gilgamesh Reigns in Uruk
2700 BC - 2500 BC
The eponymous character of "The Epic of Gilgamesh" reigned over a Mesopotamian city called Uruk sometime between this period.
Pyramids of Giza Constructed
Laborers involved in the construction of the Pyramids of Giza were paid in wages of bread and beer.
Wine Discovered (Neolithic Period)
9000 BC - 4000 BC
WIne was discovered somewhere in the Zagros Mountains, a range spanning modern day Iran, Iraq, and Turkey.
Wine Cultivated in Crete
This also may have occurred in the mainland of Greece at the time.
Feast of King Ashurnaspiral II
The king of Assyria hosted one of the first feasts to serve wine as the main beverage.
Italy is World's Largest Wine Producer
Of the 80 types of wine existing in Rome at the time, at least 2/3 (over 53) of them had been produced by Italy.
Muhammad Condemns Alcohol
570 - 632
Supposedly, Muhammad of Islam had a vision from Allah after he saw two men get in a fight while intoxicated. In the vision, Allah declared alcohol taboo, and that none of his followers should consume it.
Distillation of Wine
1300 - 1400
The process of distillation is believed to have been discovered somewhere during the mid 1300's.
Instructions Produced for Distillation
Arnold of Villanava produced instructions for distilling wine. He gave the result the name aqua vitae because he believed it to be the water of immortality.
Invention of Printing Press
Sometime during the 1430's Johannes Gutenberg developed a printing press.
Portuguese Begin Shipping Black Slaves
In the 1440's the Portuguese began to ship black slaves from the West coast of Africa. Distilled beverages were used as payment to slave traders.
First Printed Book about Distillation
Puff von Schrick wrote the first printed book on distillation. Fourteen editions had appeared by 1500.
Columbus Finds the Caribbean Islands
While searching for a westerly passage to the East Indies he located the Caribbean islands. The Islands became locations of sugarcane farms, and utilized slaves from Africa.
Coffee in Yemen
Yemen, a country in the Middle East, was the first place where coffee became popular.
Arabia Supplies World with Coffee
1510 - 1700
Arabia had a monopoly over coffee until the end of the seventeenth century when Dutch gains commercial superiority.
Great Fire of London
Burned down many of the 83 coffeehouses in London at the time.
King Charles II Attempts to Ban Coffee
King Charles II attempted to ban coffee in a "Proclamation for the suppression of Coffee-houses," saying that its effects were "evil." Many other insurgencies against coffee were raised around this time, but the drink had become so integral that none of them were effective in preventing it.
1685 - 1815
Also known as the Age of Reasoning; coffeehouses were a central location of communication of scientific principles.
French Revolution Begins
July 12, 1789 CE
Initiated by Camille Desmoulins in at Café de Foy.
First Cup of Tea Believed to be Brewed
2737 BC - 2697 BC
Legend has it that the first cup of tea was brewed for the Chinese emperor Shen Nung. No documentation has validated this, however.
Tea Becomes China's National Beverage
618 - 907
During the Tang Dynasty, tea's popularity dramatically increased, elevating to becoming China's national beverage.
Tea Spreads through Japan
1191 - 1300
By the 14th century, tea had spread throughout all of Japan. Japan admired tea, even creating elaborate "tea ceremonies" in honor of the drink.
Waterborne Diseases are Assuaged in England
1730 - 1796
This decrease is thought to be a result of Tea's medicinal properties.
Britain's Control Expands
1750 - 1800
Britain's sphere of control exponentially expanded in the later 18th century by establishing control of India and Canada, colonizing Australia and New Zealand, and gaining control of the sea trade from the Dutch.
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773
In response to the Britain's Tea Act, enraged Americans threw off all cargo containing tea off of ships in Boston. This sparked the flames for the Revolutionary War.
Carbonated Water is Brewed
Initially brewed by Joseph Priestly in London.
Sparkling Water Sold as Medicine
In 1770 sparkling water was first sold as a medicine.
Hawkins Develops Soda Fountain
1800 - 1820
Joseph Hawkins developed a soda fountain during the 1800's. Soda fountains became common in apothecaries during the 1820's.
Schweppe and Paul export Soda Water
Schweppe and Paul began to export their soda water to other countries in the 1800's.
Invention of Coca-Cola
John Pemberton invented Coca-Cola in May 1886.
Coke Bottled for Purchase
In 1911 Thomas and Whitehead were given permission to sell bottled Coke. Due to the success of bottled Coke, the iconic Coke bottle was made in 1916.
Coca-Cola is Supplied to US Soldiers in World War 2
1939 - 1945
Coca-Cola was supplied to American servicemen during World War 2, and the drink was linked to patriotism.
Coca-Cola Associated with Western Values
1947 - 1991
During the Cold War period Coca-Cola become associated with America and Western values, such as freedom, democracy, and free-market capitalism.