The Hippie Movement

Events

Clothing

1961

Vito Paulekas and his wife Szou established a clothing boutique in Hollywood. They were one of the first to introduce hippie fashions.

Anti nuclear Protest

September 1962

SDS holds anti nuclear protest in Washington, DC.

Peyote Ceremony

April 1963

Chandler A. Laughlin III established a group of 50 people who attended an all night peyote ceremony which combined a psychedelic experience with traditional Native American spiritual values.

Draft Card Burnings

May 12 1964

The first draft card burnings took place May 12, in New York City.

Further, Ken Kesey's Bus

September 1964

Ken Kesey was considered one of the most prominent figures along with the Merry Pranksters in the psychedelic movement. They were remembered for a lengthy road trip they took, traveling across the United States in a painted school bus Acid Tests. They made LSD available to anyone interested in partaking.

Live-In Work of Drop Art

1965

Four art students and filmakers, Gene Bernofsky, JoAnn Bernofsky, Richard Kallweit and Clark Richert, moved to a 7-acre tract of land near Trinidad, Colorado with the intention to create a live-in work of Drop Art.

Los Angeles Free Press

1965

Los Angeles Free Press began as a broadside entitled The Faire Free Press, this was soon followed by the Berkeley Barb in August, the East Village Other of New York in October, The Fifth Estate, in Detroit in November, and East Lansing's The Paper in December.

The Family Dog

1965

Red Dog participants Luria Castell, Ellen Harman and Alton Kelley created a collective called The Family Dog that was modelled on their Red Dog experiences. The Family Dog hosted A Tribute to Dr. Strange at Longshoreman's Hall.

The Red Dog Experience

April 1965

Chandler A. Laughlin recruited the original talent that led to traditional folk music and the developing of a psychedelic rock scene. He created The Red Dog Experience along with his cohorts.

Penalizing The Burning of Draft Cards

August 31 1965

President Lyndon Johnson signed a new law penalizing the burning of draft cards with up to 5 years in prison and a $1000 fine.

Natural Childbirth on Broadway

October 6 1965

Natural childbirth made a Broadway appearance with the play, Generation by US playwright William Goodhart, starring Henry Fonda.

The First Acid Test

November 1965

The first Acid Test was held in Palo Alto, California.

Family Dog Productions

1966

The Family Dog became Family Dog productions under the organiser Chet Helms.

The Underground Press Syndicate

1966

The Underground Press Syndicate had been organised 80 presses of U.S and Canada came to a conference sponsored by Middle Earth in Iowa City.

The Trips Festival

January 21 1966

At Longshoreman's Hall organised by Stewart Brand, Ken Kesey, Owsley Stanley, Zach Stewart and others. On Saturday 22, the Grateful Dead and Big Brother and The Holding Company came on stage, and 6000 people arrived to imbibe punch spiked with LSD and to witness one of the first fully developed light shows of the era.

The Diggers

April 1966

The diggers opened stores which simply gave away their stock; provided free food, medical care, transport, and temporary housing; they also organized free music concerts and works of political art.

Haight

June 1966

Young Americans around the country began moving to San Francisco, and by June, around 15000 hippies had moved into the Haight.

LSD

July 1966

The state of California made LSD a controlled substance, making the drug illegal. San Francisco hippies staged gatherings in the Golden Gate panhandle, called The Love Pageant Rally, attracting 200-800 people.

Hippie Riots

November 1966

The Sunset Strip Curfew Riots, also know as the hippie riots, were a serious of clashes which took place between police and young people on the Sunset Strip in Hollywood, California.

Walk for Love and Peace and Freedom

November 5 1966

The Walk for Love and Peace and Freedom in New York City takes place with 10,000 participants.

International Freedom

1967

Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert formed the International Freedom in Newton, Massachusetts, inhabiting two houses but later moving to a 64-room mansion at Millbrook, New York.

Flower Children

1967

Thousands of young people would travel to San Francisco, sometimes wearing flowers in their hair and distributing flowers to passersby, earning the name Flower Children

Buffalo Springfield

January 1967

Buffalo Springfield released an early hippie anthem called For what It's Worth.

Human Be-In

January 14 1967

The outdoor Human Be-In in San Francisco popularized hippie culture across the United States.

Mantra Rock Dance

January 29 1967

An audience of 3000 gathered at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco, filling the hall to its capacity for the Mantra Rock Dance, for a fundraising effort of the first Hare Krishna center on the West Coast.

Monterey Pop Festival

June 1967

Large rock concerts that originated with the Monterey Pop Festival became the norm.

The Yippies

October 1967

The Yippies became notorious for their theatrics, such as trying to levitate the Pentagon at the October war protest.

Criticization of The Term 'Hippie'

October 1967

The Diggers criticized the term 'hippie' with their October 'Death of Hippie' event.

Drop City

November 1967

As Drop City gained notoriety, people from around the world came to stay and work. The group consisting of 10 core people and many contributors, won Buckminster Fuller's Dymaxion award for their constructions.

Taking Over of Grand Central Station

January 1968

The Yippies came to national attention during the celebration of the spring equinox, when some 3000 of them took over Grand Central Station - resulting in 61 arrests.

John Lennon Conviction

1968

Nixon administration responded by seeking to have Lennon deported, on the pretext of a marijuana conviction.

Hippie-Influenced Fashions

1968

Hippie-influenced fashions were beginning to take off in the mainstream, especially for youths and younger adults.

The Development of Two Genres of Music

1968

The development of two new, but dissimilar, genres of music that each exerted some influence on, and were influenced by the hippie movements: heavy metal and reggae.

Departing of The Flower Children

1968

It was widely noted that most of the original Flower Children had long departed the Haight Ashbury district, having been replaced with a more clinical exploitative crowd.

Poor Peoples Campaign

May 1968

The newly formed Poor People's Campaign, started by Martin Luther King, Jr, organized a shantytown known as Resurrection City.

Protest of Democratic National Convention

August 1968

The Yippies started intention to protest the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, including their own candidate, Lyndon Pigasus Pig who was an actual pig.

Generation

1969

Generation was made into a film, it was also released under the title A Time for Giving and A Time for Changing.

Oregon Country Fair

1969

The Oregon Country Fair began in 1969 as a benefit for an alternative school.

People's Park

April 1969

The building of People's Park in Berkeley, California received international attention.

Charles Manson

August 1969

The Sharon Tate and Leno and Rosemary LaBianca murders committed in August 1969 by Charles Manson and his "family" of followers.

Woodstock

August 15 1969

the Woodstock Music and Art Festival took place in Bethel, New York. Over 500,000 people arrived to hear the most notable musicians and bands of the era.

Woodstock West

December 1969

Initially billed as "Woodstock West," its official name was The Altamont Free Concert. About 300,000 people gathered to hear The Rolling Stones; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young; Jefferson Airplane and other bands. The Hells Angels provided security that proved far less beneficent than the security provided at the Woodstock event: 18-year-old Meredith Hunter was stabbed and killed while drawing a gun in front of the stage during The Rolling Stones performance, and four accidental deaths occurred. There were also four births at the concert.

Cross Country Speaking Tour

1970

Gaskin and his wife, Ina May Gaskin, led a caravan of 60 buses, vans and trucks on a cross country speaking tour.

The End of The Vietnam War

1970

With the end of the draft and the Vietnam War, and a renewal of patriotic sentiment associated with the approach of the United States Bicentennial, the mainstream media lost interest in the hippie counterculture, and hippies became targets for ridicule, coinciding with the advent of punk rock and disco.

Killing of student Protesters

May 4 1970

Members of the Ohio National Guard fired on unarmed student protesters at Kent State, killing four and seriously injuring nine others.

Charles Manson Trial

June 1970

Manson's highly publicized trial.

Isle of Wight Festival

August 1970

in England, the Isle of Wight Festival drew an even bigger attendance than Woodstock, and was a major gathering of the hippie movement. Concert appearances for a few prominent musicians of the time, such as Jimi Hendrix.

Charles Manson Guilty

1971

Charles Manson and followers found guilty of murder.

Aquarius Festival

1971

In Australia the hippie movement originated at the Aquarius Festival held in 1971 in Canberra and again in Nimbin two years later.

John Sinclair Fredom Rally

December 1971

John Lennon sang at the John Sinclair Freedom Rally in Michigan, calling attention to Sinclair's ten-year prison sentence for giving two joints to an undercover policewoman.

Hippie Was Perceived As a Mental Illness

1972

A Colombian psychiatrist asserted that being a hippie is a form of mental illness that can be passed on to one's children.

The Watergate Hearings

1973

The Watergate hearings had begun in earnest, and the famous pair made their final political statement by attending one of them - Lennon's conviction.

Stonehenge Free Festival

1974

In the UK, there are many new age travelers who are known as hippies to outsiders, but prefer to call themselves the Peace Convoy. They started the Stonehenge Free Festival.

Lennon and Yoko

1975

The deportation case was dropped for Lennon and Yoko.

Hippie Music Festivals

1976

Hippie music festivals were held on large farms around Waihi and Waikino in New Zealand- Aotearoa.

Inaugural Ball

1977

Lennon and Yoko attended the Inaugural Ball of president Jimmy Carter in January 1977.

The Nambassa Festivals

January 1978

The Nambassa Festivals were held on a grassed plateau above a white sand east coast beach over Auckland Anniversary Weekend.

The Third Nambassa Festival

1979

The third Nambassa festival would see 60,000-odd people flock to New Zealand's hippy high-water mark.

John Lennon Murdered

1980

John Lennon murdered outside his apartment entrance in NYC.

Hippie Ideals

1980

Hippie ideals were a marked influence on anarcho-punk and some post-punk youth cultures, such as the Second Summer of Love.

The Starwood Festival

1981

The annual Starwood Festival, is a six-day event held in Sherman, New York indicative of the spiritual quest of hippies through an exploration of non-mainstream religions and world-views.