The National Party was a completely 'white' political party. When they seized power they introduced the policy of Apartheid, which established the complete separation of races.
The Apartheid is officially established through the implementation of legislation to create segregation.
Produced by the ANC, the charter was a formalised document on the campaign from thousands of people to end racial segregation and afford Black South African rights.
The African National Congress and Pan African Congress are banned under the Apartheid regime.
Mandela is arrested for treason but then acquitted.
Mandela leaves the country to undergo military training and to increase support for the ANC.
He returns to South Africa via Botswana.
Mandela is arrested for leaving the country illegally. He is sentenced to five years at Robben Island prison.
Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment, along with several other ANC leaders, for sabotage.
South Africa becomes an independent nation, only the 'white' citizens are acknowledged and represented by the Government.
More than three million Black South Africans are forced to resettle into black homelands.
More than 600 students are killed in a series of demonstrations and protests.
Due to the Township revolts and uprisings, the nation when into a state of National Emergency.
He begins to dismantle the Apartheid, by lifting the ban on the National African Congress and suspending executions.
He had served 27 years of imprisonment, mainly at Robben Island prison. The South African President, F.W. de Klerk, ordered the release of Mandela.
Alongside President De Klerk, Mandela was appointed a Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end the Apartheid and establish a multi-racial Government.
He became the first 'black' president of South Africa.