Historical events during 3000 BC - 1500 AD Timeline

By: Presley Gayaut

Events

Story of the Trojan War

1190 BC

The precursors of the Trojan war had its roots in the activities of gods, a common theme in mythology. The Trojan war lasted 10 years. After the war, some of the major characters, that survived, went on to live other stories and adventures.

This is important because it's a big part of what we study in schools especially English classes leading up to the odyssey and other mythological stories.

First Latin Literature

240 BC

Like today, many Ancient Romans strived to earn a living by writing. Some would read their work in public, like a musician performing on the street, or like an author promoting a new release in a bookstore today. Fortunately, many of these writers were talented, and much of their work has survived, at least in translations.
Ex. Livius Andronicus adapted Homer’s The Odyssey for a Latin audience in 240 B.C., marking the beginning of key Roman works.

I believe this is important because in our culture we still study Latin and translate it from the original works especially for religious purposes.

First Encylopedia

77 AD

The earliest encyclopedic work to have survived to modern times is the Naturalis Historia of Pliny the Elder, a Roman statesman living in the 1st century AD. His work compiled of 37 chapters covering: natural history, architecture, medicine, geography, geology, and of the world around him. He stated in the introduction that he had over 20,000 facts from 2000 works by over 200 authors, and added many others from his own experience. The work was published around AD 77-79, although he never finished proofing the work before his death in AD 79.

The publishing of the encyclopedia is important to the way the world is studied and also to the stills we are taught in schools around the world.

The Guild was Established

1170

The Guild set standards and protected their members, like our modern labor laws. This provided fair pricing and quality of workmanship which protected the consumer and the maker of the product. The guild protected the workers with proper working conditions and made sure their work hours were regulated with monitoring.

The Guild is an important subject considering there still isn't labor laws in some countries, myself as a worker, would probably not feel safe working where there is no safety standards in a company.

The Magna Carta was Signed

1215 AD

The Magna Carta, signed by King John of England, has been subject to a great deal of historical exaggeration. However, as a symbol of the sovereignty of the rule of law, it was of fundamental importance to the constitutional development of England. Four original copies of the Magna Carta of 1215 exist today: one in Lincoln Cathedral, one in Salisbury Cathedral, and two in the British Museum.

This law forced the kings to follow the same rules as the rest of the subjects, which is a huge step regarding the equality of the people.

The English Language Dominated Others

1300 - 1309

English was a popular language next to French. As it was taught in elementary schools people started to use English more. Textbooks, literature, and daily use of reading were translated to English. By then almost everyone knew the language and even some people weren't learning french.

English being dominate over french is important to me because I speak English and I want people to understand me if I go somewhere foreign so I really appreciate that my language is popular.

War and Diesease

Greek / Persian War led by Xerxes

492 BC - 440 BC

Greek/Persian Wars, a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century. The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against mainland Greece between 490 and 479. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. The league had mixed success, and in 449 BC the Peace of Callias finally ended the hostilities between Athens and its allies and Persia.

The Greek/Persian wax is an important time in period showing how two colonies can hate each other and go into war but end up still living next to each other and adapting to the ways of the other colony.

Julius Caesar Murdered by Senators

44 B.C.

The assassination of Julius Caesar was the result of a conspiracy by many Roman senators that he wanted to be dictator. Led by Romans, they stabbed Julius Caesar to death in the Theatre of Pompey in March, 44 BC. Caesar was the dictator of the Roman Republic at the time, having recently been declared dictator perpetuo by the Senate. This declaration made several senators fear that Caesar wanted to overthrow the Senate in favor of tyranny. The conspirators were unable to restore the Roman Republic. Which the assassination led to the Liberators' civil war and, ultimately, to the Principate period of the Roman Empire.

I think this is important because now day conspires mess with a lot of peoples minds especially during political outgoings like debates and disagreements.

Charlemange became Emperor

800 AD

Charlemange's role as a zealous defender of Christianity, he gave money and land to the Christian church and protected the popes. As a way to acknowledge Charlemagne’s power and strength, his relationship with the church, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans in December, 800 AD, at St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. As emperor, Charlemagne proved to be a talented diplomat and able administrator of the vast area he controlled. He promoted education and encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance, and instituted economic and religious reforms.

In now days the Pope is still strongly respected and I think this is important in out history because if you are a saint and follow the rules you should be reigned as emperor from the honorable Pope.

The First Crusade

1096 AD - 1099 AD

The Crusades were a series of religious wars between Christians and Muslims started primarily to secure control of holy sites considered sacred by both groups. In all, eight major Crusade expeditions occurred between 1096 and 1291. The first Crusade consisted of the Crusaders and their Byzantine allies attacking Nicaea, now Turkey, the Seljuk capital in Anatolia. The city surrendered in late June.

This is an important thing to know about in our history because religions are often fought about or against, which in america is your rights to choose whatever religion you want, but other countries are bound to repeat the past if they don't leave each other alone about their religion.

The Black Death

1346 AD - 1353 AD

The Black Death arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347 when trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina after a long journey through the Black Sea. The people who gathered on the docks to greet the ships were met with a horrifying surprise: Most of the sailors aboard the ships were dead, and others who were still alive were ill. They were covered in mysterious black boils that oozed blood and pus and gave their illness its name: the “Black Death.” Over the next five years, the mysterious Black Death would kill more than 20 million people in Europe, almost one-third of the continent’s population.

The Black Death is an important aspect to me because I'm interested in diseases which this definitely was and it's just so awing that something so small can wipe out such a large amount of people.

Success and Inventions

Earliest Settlement Along the Nile River

2000 BC

None of the achievements of the remarkable ancient Egyptian civilization would have been possible without the Nile River. There is always a connection between landscape and how a people develop. Archaeologists and historians don't know exactly how Egyptian civilization evolved. It is believed that humans started living along the Nile's banks starting in about 2000 BC. For the earliest inhabitants of the Nile Valley food was not easy to find, but along the river there was water to get them started.

Knowing the earliest settlement along the Nile is important because from there we can date when the pyramids or artifacts were built, this is important for our history and setting time periods.

First Olympic Games

776 BC

The ancient Olympic Games were primarily a part of a religious festival in honor of Zeus. The festival and the games were held in Olympia, a rural sanctuary site in the western Peloponnese. The ancient Olympic Games began in the year 776 BC, when a cook from a nearby city, won a foot race 600 feet long. This was the only athletic event of the games for the first 13 Olympic festivals or until 724 BC. From 776 BC, the Games were held in Olympia every four years for almost 12 centuries.

The Olympics games is still a major involvement in people life worldwide, and knowing the story behind how it all started is very interesting to know that one day the people that are in it will also be history.

Pough was used for Farming

600 AD

The heavy plough was used to work the lands for farming. This helped with an increase in food production which led to helping the population increase. This tool made significant changes so the clay in the soil could be turned over much easier making it easier for farmers to plant their crops.

The plough was revolutionary that just a simple tool used to make farming easier helped cities populate and sustain more people that's why I think the plough is so important.

Growth of British Population

1066 AD

During 1066-1350 Britain's population tripled due to feudal society beginning and foreign invasions ending all because the settling of Britain. Food production grew which aloud more people to live and for more people to be made. Forests were being cleared for more homes and properties to grow food for their families.

This is important to our history because British population was growing but then later lost almost all of it due to the black death, so it just makes me think about what would happen if the population was low and the black death came it could of wiped out everyone in Britain.

Architecture and Math

Mesopotamian Develop Weights and Measure Systems

2500 BC

In Early Dynastic Sumer (2900–2300 BC) math was indistinguishable and treated as a single scribal discipline. The idea of numbers did not exist, so all quantities were written as symbols and never as numerals followed by a unit symbol. For example there was a symbol for one-sheep and another for one-day but no symbol for just one. About 600 of these metrological symbols exist, for this reason archaic Sumerian metrology is complex and not fully understood.

I think this is important because this is a huge concept used worldwide today, maybe not the same systems they used, but different variations from that which led to what we use in today's time.

Babylonians make Multiplication Systems

1800 BC

Sumerian and Babylonian mathematics was based on a sexegesimal, or base 60, numeric system, which can be counted using the twelve knuckles on one hand the five fingers on the other hand. Unlike the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, the Babylonian numbers used a true place-value system, where digits written in the left column represented larger values, like in the modern decimal system, although of course using base 60 not base of 10.

Multiplication systems help us everyday, we might not use the same things but Babylonians still discovering multiplication is amazing knowing that we use the same concepts.

Valley of the Kings Tombs Constructed

1500 BC

Valley of the Kings were built as a burial site for the deceased kings in Egypt. The tombs were evidence that elaborate preparations for the next world, in which humans were promised continuing life and pharaohs were expected to become one with the gods. Mummification was used to preserve the body so that the deceased's eternal soul would be able to reanimate it in the afterlife.

The Egyptian mindset is super important when it comes to studying history, they mummified their leaders in hope they would become gods. It's like they spent their whole life preparing for their death while ruling over people and having them construct homes for their dead body.

Great Wall of China Began

215 BC

The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the China Dynasty. To defend off the invasions from northern invaders, Emperor Qin Shi Huang had all the walls joined up. During the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.

The Great Wall of China is important because now it's suck a touristy thing to go visit the Great Wall even though it was such a huge part of China's history with violence, It's really memorable.

Romanesque Architecture Period

800 AD

The Romanesque architectural movement was not one of these imperial building projects. It was more like a movement that took off in a variety of places from Italy to England, each with its own unique take on this new form. Yet they all have a few things in common. They all seem fixated on the semicircular arch. They all had intricately decorated exteriors, especially on their western entrances. This period of architecture had lots of stone, arches and the barrel vaults, most commonly found in churches or areas of prayer.

This is important because it's commonly studied in art and it's good to know where and when something you study comes from also I think the Romanesque architecture period is definitely one to study because of the bold beautiful arches and high ceilings.