Gallipoli Timeline- Kynan Lee

Events

Winston Churchill begins drawing up plans for the Gallipoli campaign

31 August 1914

Winston Churchill, the political head of the British navy from 1911-1915, began ordering plans to be drawn up in regards to the attack on Gallipoli and the Dardanelles strait. It was thought that after the attack, Russian ships will have safe passage through the Dardanelles strait into the Mediterranean Sea

The British War Council announce the Gallipoli Expedition

13 January 1915

After months of planning, the British War Council announce the naval expedition to Constantinople, passing through the Gallipoli peninsula. The expedition aims to take control of the Gallipoli peninsula, then sail towards Constantinople

Beginning of The bombardment at the Dardanelles

19 February 1915

The Royal Navy begins huge bombardments against the Turkish forces at the mouth of the Dardanelles

More naval attacks

March 18 1915

In preparation for land-based attacks, the British and French fleets mount huge bombings of more of the Dardanelles strait, only to fail as mines sunk battleships. 700 sailors lives were lost

The first British Empire soldiers and French forces land at Gallipoli

April 25 1915

The first British Empire soldiers and French forces land at Gallipoli. The ANZACS land at ANZAC cove, whilst the British and French forces begin gaining ground at Cape Helles. 900 ANZAC troops have died, a further 2000 troops injured

Turkish forces fight back

April 26 1915

The Turkish forces compose a counter-attack against ANZAC troops only a day after landing, though the ANZACS manage to hold their ground. On the same day, British and French forces fail to take the village of Krithia, a crucial strategic point

Second attempt at taking Krithia

May 6 1915

The British, French, and ANZAC's compose a large attack to attempt to take hold of the town of Krithia for the second time. They do not succeed in doing so

Third attempt to take Krithia

June 4 1915

British and French forces launch a third assault in another attempt to take Krithia. The assault yet again fails, allied forces loosing a total of 6,500 lives. From this day until mid July, British forces will advance only 500 yards, loosing 17,000 men

Battle of Hill 60

August 29 1915

A combined effort of ANZAC troops, British forces, and Gurkhas battle against the Turks to take a vitally strategic point: Hill 60. The attempt results in failure

Winston Churchill resigns from cabinet

15 November 1915

Due to his association with the failed wartime efforts at Gallipoli, Winston Churchill resigns from his role in cabinet.

Evacuation of Gallipoli

22 November 1915

Field Marshal Herbert Kitchener orders for the evacuation of Gallipoli. The evacuation is finished by January, with almost 500,000 fatalities lost from both sides of the campaign, a failed campaign.