The Rise and Fall of the Carolingian Empire


Battle of Tours

Approx. 732

After this battle, the Carolingian family came into power. Charles Martel defeated the Spanish Moors in this battle.

Charlemane is born

Approx. 742

Conquest of the Lombard Kingdom

Approx. 774

The Lombard Kingdom was in Italy and was very large. So its defeat meant a huge expansion for the Carolingian Empire.

Conquest of the Saxons

Approx. 775 - Approx. 785

The Saxons were people that lived in Europe and the British Isles. During this conquest, Charlemagne sought to convert the Saxons.

Advance of christian powers in Spain

Approx. 785 - Approx. 812

The Carolingians won the Spanish March from the Saracens, which helped them gain the ability to make more advancements then and in the future.

Charlemagne writes Admonitio Generalis

Approx. 789

This is one of his most famous works. Another one of his most famous works is Epistola de Litteris Colendis and they have both survived to the present day.

Charlegmane is crowned emperor

Approx. 800

Charlemagne was crowned on Christmas day by Pope Leo the lll. This in a way helped to revive the Western Roman Empire

Frankish Empire is ruled by the Carolingian Dynasty

Approx. 800 - Approx. 888

The Frankish Empire was a large kingdom that consisted of small sub-kingdoms.

Charlemagne dies

Approx. 814

Carolingian Civil War

Approx. 823 - Approx. 835

This war mostly consisted of fighting between Louis the Pious (a son of Charlemagne) and Charles the Bald and his three sons Lothar, Pepin, and Louis the German.

Peace is restored


During the war, there was a large amount of fighting between the family. Louis the Pious had been stripped of his title. However, when the peace was restored between the family, he gained his title back.

Louis the Pious dies


Oaths of Strasbourg


Louis the German and Charles the Bald made an alliance. This divided the empire between the two of them.

Treaty of Verdun

Approx. 843

This is the Treaty that divided the empire between Charlemagne's three sons.

The Partition of Verdun divides Charlemagne's empire between his grandsons


This division marked the beginning of modern France, Germany, and Italy. This division was made after Charlemagne died.

Charles the Bald dies


Stammerer dies


Charles the Fat is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire


Charles dies


This marks the end of the empire.