Black Death

Events

1st stage of the Pandemic

1333 - 1346

The plague breaks out in China killing five million. It eventually spread by trade ships to Venice where the second Pandemic started.

Plague breaks out in China

Approx. 1333

Earthquake releases Plague

1346

An earthquake in central Asia released the plague bacillus. The area was under the control of the Mongol Khanate.

2nd Stage of the Pandemic

1347 - 1355

The plague reached the port of Messina, Sicily in 1347. It had been carried from the East by trading ships. The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts of the body. Almost all died within three days. The plague became known as The Black Death.

Plague has major outbreak

1347

The plague spreads to France, Venice, Sicily, Arabia, Genoa, Italy and Turkey

The daughter of Edward III of England died

1348

Edward III was one of the major recorders of the spread of the Plague. He documented that his daughter died on the 2nd of September.

Plague continues to spread

1348

Now it moves to Spain, England, Norway

Jews blamed

1348

Around forty Jews were massacred in Toulon, France. People believed that the Jews had caused the plague by poisoning the wells.

Religious men try to get rid of the plague

1349

A religious group called the Flagellants attempted to rid Europe of the Black Death by touring the continent whipping themselves as atonement for people’s sins. They believed that the disease was a punishment from God for people’s sinfulness.

Plague has another outbreak

1349

The plague reached southern Germany, Denmark, Poland and Sweden

(London) 200 die per day

1349

Edward III records that 200 people die per day. This is emphasising how dangerous the plague is.

Plague reaches Russia

1350

The plague officially spreads throughout the whole of Russia

Plague ending its spread

1350

Plague reaches Scotland, Russia and Northern Germany

Plague reaches Moscow

1353

Plague dies down

1354

The plague had largely died out. It would return many times over the next few centuries until health and living standards improved.