Grammar-Translation Method


Author B. Sears
History Dates back to Erasmus 1466-1536 Originally used to teach Latin and Greek in the late 19th and early 20th centuries Earlier in 20th century, this method was used for the purpose of helping students read and appreciate foreign language literature.

Direct Method


Its principal authors were Pendergast and Sauveur who proposed what they called Natural Method that suggest radical change from Grammar- translation. It is this method that later on came to be known as the Direct Method

Oral approach or Situational language Teaching

1930 - 1960

Authors: A.S.Hornby and Harold Palmer
It is an approach developed by British applied linguists in the 1930s to the 1960s, and which had an impact on language courses which survive in some still being used today (Richards & Rogers, 1986).

Audiolingual Method

1950 - 1970

Authotrs: B.F. Skinner, Leonard Bloomfield, Robin Callan

Silent Way


By Caleb Gattegno,who, an Europe educator, is well known for the use of colored sticks called Cuisenaire rods and for his approach to the teaching of initial reading in which sounds are taught by colors.


1970 - 2012

Author: Georgi Lozanov
Suggestopedia was originally developed in the 1970s by the Bulgarian psychoterapist and educator Georgi Lozanov (July 22, 1926, Sofia, Bulgaria – May 6, 2012)

Communicative Language Teaching


Sandra J. Savignon, Christopher Candlin, D.A. Wilkins and Henry Widdowson along with others promoted the CLT approach. Along with the changes in Europe it helped to reform the language teaching.

Total Physical Response


Created by Dr. James J Asher

Natural Approach(1977-1985)

1977-01-01 - 1985-01-01

Author: Stephen Krashen

Task Based Language Teaching


Author :N Prabhu in Bangladore, Southern India. Prabhu believedthat students may learn more effectively whentheir minds are focused on the task, rather thanon the language they are using.

Content-Based Instruction


Authors: Brinton, Snow, and Wesche

Cooperative Language Learning


Authors: Jonhson and Harel