Teaching Methods


The Grammar-Translation Method


Developed by B. Sears
It was used in teaching and Latin and Greek. Using trasnlation to facilitate Learning in ESL classes.

The Direct Method


Was born in Germany and France. Its creators were Berlitz and Sauze.
Its goal is to learn how to use a foreign language to communicate.

The Oral Approach and Situational Language Teaching

1930 - 1960

Creators were Harold Palmer and A.S Hornloy.
Developed the basic for a principled approach to methodology in language teaching. This approach focus on vocabulary and grammar control.

The Audiolingual Method


Is a method for foreign language teaching which emphasize the teaching of listening and speaking before reading and writing.

The Silent Way


Created by Caleb Gattego.
It is a methodology of teaching language based on the idea that teachers should be as silent as possible during a class but learners should be encouraged to produce as much language as possible.

Communicative Language Teaching

1970 - 2012

Created by the linguists Michael Halliday.
Is a language teaching approach based on the linguistic theory of communicative competence.

Total Physical Response


Creatted by Dr. James Asher
Language teaching method which built around the coordination of speech and action; it attemps to teach language trough physical (motor) activity.

The Natural Approach


By Tracy Terrell and Stephen Krashen.
Is believed to conform to the naturalistic principles found in sucessful second language acquisition. Focuses on Teaching communicative abilities.


1979-01-01 - 1985-01-01

Developed by the psychologist Georgi Lozanov.
Is a specific set of learning recommendation derived from suggestology.

Task Based Language Teaching


By N. Prabhu.
Focus on the use of authentic language and on asking students to do meaninful task using target language.

Content Based Instruction


Creators Brinton, Snow and Wesche.
ís teaching organized around the content or information that students will acquire, and not around the linguistic or other type of Sillabus.

Cooperative Language Learning


By David Johnson and Roger Johnson.
All cooperative learning methods share the idea that students work together to learn and are responsible for their teammates.