North West Rebellion

Events

The Manitoba Act

1870

The federal government promised to put aside land for 7000 descendants of the Red River Métis. Metis population was 83 % at the time.

Louis Riel executes someone.

March 4, 1870

Louis Riel had Thomas Scott on the day of the event which was March 4, 1870. He was the orange man which disliked the francophones and the Roman Catholics. When he killed him it put Riel in a very dangerous position because a lot of people disagreed with Riels discussion which was killing Tomas Scott.

Louis Riel flees.

August 24, 1870

Louis Riel flees knew that at any moment someone could try to kill him because of the crime of killing Thomas Scott. He fled to the USA on August 24, thinking it would be safer there for him.

Still Waiting

1884

The Metis are still waiting for what they were promised 14 years ago by the federal government.

Louis Riel returns

May 1884

A group of 4 men traveled to Montana which is where Louis Riel escaped from. They came looking for Riel to help them lead a protest against the federal government.

Creating a new provisional government

March 19 1885

On March 19 of 1870, Riel creates a provisional government with the help of Dumont and his men

Battle of Duck Lake

March 25 1885

Dumont and his men raided a store in Duck Lake Saskatchewan for supplies. The next day 100 Northwest mountain police tried to find Dumont and his men to get the supplies back but to avoid Dumont told his men to hide while his brother Isidore and Assiwiyin spoke to the police. A fight had still broken out and gunshots have fired which meant that its the start of the first battle. Many of the men on both sides were killed including Isidore and Assiwiyin. The Northwest Mountain police were forced to retreat.

Riel surrenders

May 15 1885

Louis Riel surrendered thinking that a public trial may bring attention to the Métis struggle against the government. Dumont and others had escaped to the United States. Against the defeat at Batoche and Riel's surrender, the Northwest Resistance was over and done with.

Louis Riel's trial

July 20, 1885

Following his arrest, Louis Riel was placed in jail for eight weeks. Riel pleaded not guilty to a charge of treason. His lawyers tried to persuade him to plead insanity so he wouldn't get killed.

The aftermath

December 1885

The jury found Louis Riel guilty for treason. This was debated for weeks after among the federal government but he was hung in front of the people in public. This created a lot of anger in Quebec.