The Philanthropium focused on physical activity as an important part of its curriculum, requiring students to participate in 3 hours of sports and recreational activities, and 2 hours of manual labor.
Is the first school to offer physical education in the United States
Early leaders in physical education launch into a series of debates regarding which physical education system (American, German, Swedish, or English) could best provide a nationwide physical education program for America.
First public school system to offer physical education
First state to require physical education
The ruling of this Supreme Court case gave African-Americans the same rights to physical education as White students.
Founded by President Eisenhower, this council aimed to promote physical fitness in America's youth.
Changed by President Kennedy, this change made the council more effective at encouraging public school systems to adopt physical education programs.
Gender discrimination in school physical education programs is lifted, giving women opportunities to participate in athletic programs in high school and college.
This report encouraged physical activity as a means to combat the rising rates of obesity in the United States.
Influential Figures in Physical Education
Important educational reformer, founding the Philanthropium, one of the first schools to ever incorporate physical education.
Pioneered Physical Education in Sweden. Founded the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute in Sweden to train gymnastic instructors.
Called "the father of gymnastics" by some, founded the first open-air gymnasium in Berlin, Germany, which led the spread of the Turnverein (gymnastics association) movement. Also Influenced Charles Beck's work at the Round Hill School in America and Charles Follen's work in Boston and at Harvard University.
Established the first college gymnasium at Harvard University
Established the gymnasium at the Round Hill School in the United States and ran the school's physical education program. Also translated Frederick Ludwig Jahn's 1816 work "Deutsche Turnkunst" into English as "Treatise on Gymnasticks, taken chiefly from the German of F. L. Jahn."
Education reformer who, along with his supporters, challenged traditional education, which led to education reforms that introduced physical education to US schools.