key events that took place inside the novel
Jem and Scout meet one of their neighbour's nephews named Dill, Dill visits Maycomb every year. As the novel goes on Dill becomes a big part of Both Scout and Jem's life, them meeting is a very key moment because Scout mentions Boo Radley. They begin to talk about how Boo looks in through people's windows and eats squirrels
This is when Scout's teacher Miss Caroline shows how cruel Maycomb really is, Scout stands up for Walter Cunningham when the teacher offers him 25 cents. Miss Caroline gets angry and slaps Scout on the wrist, this is Scout's first awakening and experience in the real world
We see a form of prejudice when Jem invites Walter Cunningham over for dinner, she says "the second he reached the front porch, he forgot he was a Cunningham", she then goes on to say that "he is not company but only a Cunningham". Scout looks at Walter as if he is just dirt, they are established social classes in Maycomb
Scout found a few strips of chewing gum inside the Radley's oak tree. Dill also returns to Maycomb for the summer to see Jem and Scout
Harper Lee's shows humour in this chapter when Scout and Dill begin to talk about who they are going to marry only at the age of 6. Jem,Scout and Dill move onto trying to invite Boo out for ice cream by throwing a fishing line with a note on the end of it into his house
One night Jem and Dill decide to go peek through one of the loose shutters at the Radley house, Scout follows to make sure Jem does not die. Jem notices a shadow of a man holding a gun, they all begin to run away but Jem rips his pants on the Radley's fence when he left. When Jem returned to get them, they were sowed up and folded as if Boo knew they were coming back
Dill departs back to Meridian as summer comes to an end. Scout and Jem find more gifts inside the knothole at the Radley's oak tree it was a ball of grey twine. Then later in the fall they find more gifts, two soap figure, a spelling bee medal and an old pocket watch
Maycomb has their first snowfall in over fifty years, so school was cancelled for Jem and Scout. The kids decide to make a snowman that resembles Mr.Avery, Atticus tells them to stop because he does not want Mr.Avery being upset. That night Atticus wakes up Jem and Scout to show them that Miss Maudie's house was on fire. Once they return inside Atticus asks Scout where she got the blanket on her back, Scout had no idea where it came from. Jem came to the conclusion that Boo placed it on her when they were not paying attention, this scares Scout she thinks Boo could have taken her away or killed her
Scout gets in another fight with one of her classmates because he was picking on Atticus about defending a black man, Jem is forced to stop it again. Atticus's brother Jack visits Maycomb,Scout still being upset begins to curse at him, Jack sits her on his lap and asks her what's wrong. On Christmas day Atticus takes everyone down to Finch's landing where Aunt Alexandra lives
When Jem receives a pellet gun for Christmas he is attempting at shooting some doves, Atticus recites one of the most famous quotes in this chapter assuring Jem that he should not shoot any mockingbirds "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it is a sin to kill a mockingbird" (page 90)
Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to a black church, this is when racial inequality is shown, they are discriminated against even though Atticus who is the father to these children is defending a black man in court.
Aunt Alexandra is staying in Maycomb with Atticus to be a motherly figure. Alexandra does not want Scout growing up wearing overalls, she thinks girls wear dresses and men wear suits
Dill runs away from his mom and new father to visit Scout in Maycomb and the innocence of young love started again
This is when a lynch mob intends on killing Tom once he is moved to the Maycomb county jail. But Jem,Scout and Dill come along right as the mob does, Scout starts a conversation with mr.Cunningham she makes him see how much Atticus has done for him. Mr.Cunningham clears the mob and goes home
The trial has begun, there are no more seats so Jem,Scout and Dill go up and sit on the balcony, they can see the entire courtroom from up there.
Atticus cross-examines Sheriff Heck Tate, he is wondering if Mayella was so injured why was there no doctor called. This is the first time Atticus begins to realize the whole thing is a lie
Atticus begins to question Mayella, when he catches her in lie so he starts firing questions at her. Atticus is yelling that she admit Tom did nothing wrong and that it was her drunken father who beat her. Judge Taylor calls a recess because she begins to cry
Tom explains how Mayella had sent all her siblings out to get ice cream, he wondered why she had done that right while he was passing by. Then he describes the chores she always has prepared for him. Atticus proves that Mayella was the one who aroused Tom and it was not rape
Mr.Gilmer reviews Mayella's testimony and it shows that she said everything Tom said was a lie, DIll begins to cry so Jem and Scout take him outside. The kids run into Mr.Dolphus Raymond, Dill takes a sip of his drink it turns out to be coca-cola, the three kids have no idea why he acts drunk everyday. Raymond explains that he prefers to stay with Black people over whites, the only way that is acceptable is if he has an excuse, his excuse is always being drunk
Calpurnia shows up to get the kids inside the courthouse, they all rush home to eat then run back to see what is happening. The jury is still deciding who is guilty, finally after 11 at night the jury appoints Tom guilty. This tears Jem up he knew Tom was innocent
Later that night Jem begins to cry, he was very obvious to him that Tom was innocent.The very next morning, the entire black population of Maycomb brought food and gratitude for Atticus's attempts at saving Tom. Miss Maudie invites Jem and Scout in for some cake, Maudie begins to talk about how many people in the town tried to help Tom and this town is taking a small step in the right direction
Bob Ewell scares everyone with his threats except for Atticus. Scout finds out that mr.Cunningham had appointed Tom innocent, she becomes very happy and wanted to invite Walter over for dinner. Aunt Alexandra would not allow it because "Finch's don't associate with trash"
Aunt Alexandra has a group of friends over for tea, Alexandra asks Scout to sit down and talk while they gossip. During their conversation Atticus shows up to tell Calpurnia,Scout and Alexandra some bad news. Tom tried to escape the prison and was shot many times , he did not make it. Atticus was very disappointed tom's appeal coud have gone through
Bob Ewell attacks Jem and Scout while they are heading home from the halloween festival. Scout is in her costume so she can't see anything that is happening, but she can hear Jem struggling and screaming
Scout meets Boo Radley for the first and only time in her lifetime. She finds out that Boo actually saved her brother's life. After Scout explains to Sheriff Heck Tate about what happened she walks Boo home and never sees him again
Scout recites the most important quote in the book about judging people and how they live. "Atticus was right.One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough."