History of Canada


France Passes Law


France passes a law that created The Sovereign Council of Quebec. This made New France a province and allowed for a civil government.

The Royal Proclamation of 1763


The British take over New France. The Royal Proclamation sets civils laws for Quebec.

The Quebec Act


Approval of French civil law and to allow the practice of the Roman Catholic religion.

Constitution Act


Quebec split into 2 provinces: Upper and Lower Canada. Both have an executive council and an elected assembly. They had a "Representative Government" but not a "Responsible Government".


1837 - 1838

Mackenzie was against the Family Compact. Papineau was against the Chateau Clique. They demanded for a resonsible government.

Lord Durham's Report


Lord Durham recommended reuniting the provinces. He wants to not use French and get it eliminated. Also, he wants a responsible government.

Act of Union


Province of Canada was Canada East and Canada West. By 1848, responsible government is established but it did not represent the different populations in Canada East and Canada West.


July 1st 1867

The British North America Act (BNA Act) joins New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Canada East and Canada West. This created a strong Federal government to help prevent civil war in the US. There was a division of roles between Federal and Provincial government. In the Federal government, the seats were based on Rep by Pop (representation by population).

Statute of Westminster


Canada got control of its foreign policy for the first time.



Canada officially becomes its own country. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms is added to Canada's Constitution.