History of Canada

Events

France Passes Law

1650

France passes a law that created The Sovereign Council of Quebec. This made New France a province and allowed for a civil government.

The Royal Proclamation of 1763

1763

The British take over New France. The Royal Proclamation sets civils laws for Quebec.

The Quebec Act

1774

Approval of French civil law and to allow the practice of the Roman Catholic religion.

Constitution Act

1791

Quebec split into 2 provinces: Upper and Lower Canada. Both have an executive council and an elected assembly. They had a "Representative Government" but not a "Responsible Government".

Rebellions

1837 - 1838

Mackenzie was against the Family Compact. Papineau was against the Chateau Clique. They demanded for a resonsible government.

Lord Durham's Report

1839

Lord Durham recommended reuniting the provinces. He wants to not use French and get it eliminated. Also, he wants a responsible government.

Act of Union

1840

Province of Canada was Canada East and Canada West. By 1848, responsible government is established but it did not represent the different populations in Canada East and Canada West.

Confederation

July 1st 1867

The British North America Act (BNA Act) joins New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Canada East and Canada West. This created a strong Federal government to help prevent civil war in the US. There was a division of roles between Federal and Provincial government. In the Federal government, the seats were based on Rep by Pop (representation by population).

Statute of Westminster

1931

Canada got control of its foreign policy for the first time.

Constitution

1982

Canada officially becomes its own country. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms is added to Canada's Constitution.